Development of face-based trustworthiness impressions in childhood: A systematic review and metaanalysis

Saba Siddique* (Corresponding Author), Clare Sutherland, Romina Palermo, Yong Zhi Foo, Derek Swe, Linda Jeffery

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adults form highly influential impressions about how trustworthy someone is from a mere glance at their face. Given their social and adaptive influence, the question emerges of how trust impressions develop. Following renewed interest, some mixed findings, and debate around their origins, this paper systematically reviews and meta-analyses research on the maturity of children’s face-based trust impressions. Results from 10 studies (representing 1325 children aged 3-12, and 851 adults aged 17-81, across White, Asian, and Black ethnicities, and both sexes) suggest beginnings of a mature trust impression system exist in 3-to 5-year-olds. Meta-analysis reveals trust impressions develop across childhood and show adult-like patterns between 10 and 13 years. Outstanding questions in the field are identified
Original languageEnglish
Article number101131
Number of pages17
JournalCognitive Development
Volume61
Early online date15 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • facial first impressions
  • trustworthiness
  • development
  • systematic review
  • Metaanalysis

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