Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop

John Clifton-Brown, Jon McCalmont, Astley Hastings

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Growth of Miscanthus as a biofuel crop need not exacerbate ‘food vs fuel’ conflicts. Harvested Miscanthus is currently used as a biomass fuel for direct combustion at scales from domestic to industrial, but it can also be used in the production of ‘cellulosic ethanol’ and as a feedstock for anaerobic digesters. The decision to grow Miscanthus as a bioenergy crop depends on economic viability. Current work on developing seed‐based hybrids propagated by novel agronomies will reduce the cost and speed up establishment. The main motivation for the work on developing Miscanthus as a crop was to use it to produce energy, displacing fossil carbon fuels and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In comparison to arable land used for cereals, where soil organic carbon (SOC) levels will fall every year, SOC under Miscanthus plantations on arable lands will generally rise in the 0–30 cm layer to a level that is similar to grasslands.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiofuels and Bioenergy
EditorsJohn Love, John A. Bryant
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Chapter7
Pages119-131
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781118350553
ISBN (Print)9781118350560
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Miscanthus
energy crops
arable soils
soil organic carbon
economic sustainability
anaerobic digesters
bioethanol
greenhouse gas emissions
feedstocks
combustion
biofuels
fossils
plantations
grasslands
carbon
energy
crops

Keywords

  • arable lands
  • bioenergy crop
  • biomass fuel
  • cellulosic ethanol
  • economic viability
  • fossil carbon fuels
  • grasslands
  • greenhouse gas mitigation
  • miscanthus breeding programme
  • soil organic carbon

Cite this

Clifton-Brown, J., McCalmont, J., & Hastings, A. (2017). Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. In J. Love, & J. A. Bryant (Eds.), Biofuels and Bioenergy (pp. 119-131). John Wiley & Sons Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118350553.ch7

Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. / Clifton-Brown, John; McCalmont, Jon; Hastings, Astley.

Biofuels and Bioenergy. ed. / John Love; John A. Bryant. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2017. p. 119-131.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Clifton-Brown, J, McCalmont, J & Hastings, A 2017, Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. in J Love & JA Bryant (eds), Biofuels and Bioenergy. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., pp. 119-131. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118350553.ch7
Clifton-Brown J, McCalmont J, Hastings A. Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. In Love J, Bryant JA, editors, Biofuels and Bioenergy. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2017. p. 119-131 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118350553.ch7
Clifton-Brown, John ; McCalmont, Jon ; Hastings, Astley. / Development of Miscanthus as a Bioenergy Crop. Biofuels and Bioenergy. editor / John Love ; John A. Bryant. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2017. pp. 119-131
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