Diabetes care provision in UK primary care practices

Gillian Hawthorne, Susan Hrisos, Elaine Stamp, Marko Elovainio, Jill J Francis, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Margaret Hunter, Marie Johnston, Justin Presseau, Nick Steen, Martin P Eccles

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Abstract

Background

Although most people with Type 2 diabetes receive their diabetes care in primary care, only a limited amount is known about the quality of diabetes care in this setting. We investigated the provision and receipt of diabetes care delivered in UK primary care.

Methods

Postal surveys with all healthcare professionals and a random sample of 100 patients with Type 2 diabetes from 99 UK primary care practices.

Results

326/361 (90.3%) doctors, 163/186 (87.6%) nurses and 3591 patients (41.8%) returned a questionnaire. Clinicians reported giving advice about lifestyle behaviours (e.g. 88% would routinely advise about calorie restriction; 99.6% about increasing exercise) more often than patients reported having received it (43% and 42%) and correlations between clinician and patient report were low. Patients’ reported levels of confidence about managing their diabetes were moderately high; a median (range) of 21% (3% to 39%) of patients reporting being not confident about various areas of diabetes self-management.

Conclusions

Primary care practices have organisational structures in place and are, as judged by routine quality indicators, delivering high quality care. There remain evidence-practice gaps in the care provided and in the self confidence that patients have for key aspects of self management and further research is needed to address these issues. Future research should use robust designs and appropriately designed studies to investigate how best to improve this situation.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere41562
Number of pages7
JournalPloS ONE
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2012

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Hawthorne, G., Hrisos, S., Stamp, E., Elovainio, M., Francis, J. J., Grimshaw, J. M., Hunter, M., Johnston, M., Presseau, J., Steen, N., & Eccles, M. P. (2012). Diabetes care provision in UK primary care practices. PloS ONE, 7(7), [e41562]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0041562