Diagnesis and fluid flow in response to uplift and exhumation

John Parnell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uplift of sedimentary rocks is accompanied by a wide range of physical and chemical changes that contribute to diagenesis and modify fluid flow regimes. Topography becomes a major driving force behind fluid flow patterns, and meteoric water may penetrate to several kilometres below the surface. Typical diagenetic processes include alteration and leaching of feldspars and other unstable minerals, precipitation of iron oxides and kaolin, and leaching of carbonate and sulphate cements. Reservoired oil may be degraded by near-surface waters, but reservoir rocks may become more oil-wet. Brittle fracturing is enhanced near the surface, and fluid flow may become predominantly fracture-bound as fractures dilate. Uplift also causes tilting of fluid contacts and remigration of hydrocarbons. Exsolution and expansion of gas similarly causes remigration of oil to peripheral traps. Although basin uplift is generally regarded as being detrimental to hydrocarbon prospectivity, especially as a result of breaching of traps, there is also an enhanced potential for hydrocarbon plays based on reserves of exsolved gas, condensate dropout, peripheral traps and fractured reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-446
Number of pages14
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
Volume196
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

Fingerprint

exhumation
fluid flow
Flow of fluids
uplift
Hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon
Leaching
oil
leaching
Sedimentary rocks
Gas condensates
Kaolin
gas condensate
exsolution
kaolin
reservoir rock
meteoric water
Surface waters
Iron oxides
flow pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Geology

Cite this

Diagnesis and fluid flow in response to uplift and exhumation. / Parnell, John.

In: Geological Society Special Publication, Vol. 196, 01.01.2002, p. 433-446.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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