Diagnostic accuracy of endometrial thickness to exclude polyps in women with postmenopausal bleeding

Anne Timmermans*, Maaike B.E. Gerritse, Brent C. Opmeer, Frank W. Jansen, Ben W.J. Mol, Sebastiaan Veersema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To determine the accuracy of endometrial thickness measurement with transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) to diagnose endometrial polyps in women with postmenopausal bleeding in whom a carcinoma has been ruled out. Methods. In women with postmenopausal bleeding, endometrial thickness was measured with TVUS. If endometrial thickness was >4 mm, office hysteroscopy was performed. At hysteroscopy, the uterine cavity was assessed for the presence of polyps. Patients with malignancy were excluded. We used receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis to assess the capacity of TVUS endometrial thickness measurement to diagnose endometrial polyps. Findings at hysteroscopy were considered to be the reference standard. Results. We included 178 patients with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrial thickness >4 mm. Hysteroscopy showed an endometrial polyp in 90 patients (50%). The ROC analysis revealed that endometrial thickness had an area under the curve of 0.64 in the diagnosis of endometrial polyps. Conclusion. In women with postmenopausal bleeding in whom carcinoma has been ruled out, measurement of endometrial thickness with TVUS is not useful in the diagnosis of endometrial polyps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-290
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Ultrasound
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Diagnostic accuracy
  • Endometrial polyps
  • Endometrial thickness

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