Dietary supplement use in old age

associations with childhood IQ, current cognition and health

L J Whalley, H C Fox, H A Lemmon, S J Duthie, A R Collins, H Peace, J M Starr, I J Deary

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aims Dietary supplement (DS) use is actively promoted among old people but there is little evidence in favour of DS use or information about the demographic, health and cognitive characteristics of DS users.

    Method We examined 176 healthy, old people without dementia all born in 1921 and living independently in the community. IQ scores aged about 11 years were available for all subjects. DS users were more often female, had a lower BMI and were taking fewer prescribed medications than non-users.

    Results Usual dietary intake, as measured by food frequency questionnaire, did not differ between DS users and DS non-users. DS users were seen to have higher Vitamin C (p < 0.05), alpha-carotene (p < 0.05) and lower gamma-tocopherol (p < 0.001) and homocysteine (p < 0.01). DS users did not differ from DS non-users in years of education, indices of occupational code, current socio-economic category or parameters of cardiovascular or respiratory functions. DS users had higher (p < 0.05) childhood IQ scores but did not differ in current Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score or performance on Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) either before or after adjustment for childhood IQ.

    Conclusions DS users may enjoy somewhat better general health than non-users but the source of this difference is unknown. Possible health benefits of DS use merit further study. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)769-776
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
    Volume18
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • Aged
    • Body Mass Index
    • Child
    • Cognition
    • Diet
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Female
    • Health Status
    • Humans
    • Intelligence
    • Longitudinal Studies
    • Male
    • Psychological Tests
    • Sex Factors
    • Vitamins
    • Ageing
    • Longitudinal assessment
    • Normal individuals
    • Childhood intelligence
    • Performance liquid-chromatography
    • Alzheimers-Disease
    • Alternative medicine
    • Plasma homocysteine
    • Mental-ability
    • Vitamin-E
    • Dementia
    • Risk
    • Acid
    • Complementary

    Cite this

    Whalley, L. J., Fox, H. C., Lemmon, H. A., Duthie, S. J., Collins, A. R., Peace, H., ... Deary, I. J. (2003). Dietary supplement use in old age: associations with childhood IQ, current cognition and health. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(9), 769-776. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.915

    Dietary supplement use in old age : associations with childhood IQ, current cognition and health. / Whalley, L J; Fox, H C; Lemmon, H A; Duthie, S J; Collins, A R; Peace, H; Starr, J M; Deary, I J.

    In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 18, No. 9, 2003, p. 769-776.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Whalley, LJ, Fox, HC, Lemmon, HA, Duthie, SJ, Collins, AR, Peace, H, Starr, JM & Deary, IJ 2003, 'Dietary supplement use in old age: associations with childhood IQ, current cognition and health', International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 769-776. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.915
    Whalley, L J ; Fox, H C ; Lemmon, H A ; Duthie, S J ; Collins, A R ; Peace, H ; Starr, J M ; Deary, I J. / Dietary supplement use in old age : associations with childhood IQ, current cognition and health. In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2003 ; Vol. 18, No. 9. pp. 769-776.
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    abstract = "Aims Dietary supplement (DS) use is actively promoted among old people but there is little evidence in favour of DS use or information about the demographic, health and cognitive characteristics of DS users.Method We examined 176 healthy, old people without dementia all born in 1921 and living independently in the community. IQ scores aged about 11 years were available for all subjects. DS users were more often female, had a lower BMI and were taking fewer prescribed medications than non-users.Results Usual dietary intake, as measured by food frequency questionnaire, did not differ between DS users and DS non-users. DS users were seen to have higher Vitamin C (p < 0.05), alpha-carotene (p < 0.05) and lower gamma-tocopherol (p < 0.001) and homocysteine (p < 0.01). DS users did not differ from DS non-users in years of education, indices of occupational code, current socio-economic category or parameters of cardiovascular or respiratory functions. DS users had higher (p < 0.05) childhood IQ scores but did not differ in current Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score or performance on Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) either before or after adjustment for childhood IQ.Conclusions DS users may enjoy somewhat better general health than non-users but the source of this difference is unknown. Possible health benefits of DS use merit further study. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.",
    keywords = "Aged, Body Mass Index, Child, Cognition, Diet, Dietary Supplements, Female, Health Status, Humans, Intelligence, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Psychological Tests, Sex Factors, Vitamins, Ageing, Longitudinal assessment, Normal individuals, Childhood intelligence, Performance liquid-chromatography, Alzheimers-Disease, Alternative medicine, Plasma homocysteine, Mental-ability, Vitamin-E, Dementia, Risk, Acid, Complementary",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Dietary supplement use in old age

    T2 - associations with childhood IQ, current cognition and health

    AU - Whalley, L J

    AU - Fox, H C

    AU - Lemmon, H A

    AU - Duthie, S J

    AU - Collins, A R

    AU - Peace, H

    AU - Starr, J M

    AU - Deary, I J

    N1 - Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    PY - 2003

    Y1 - 2003

    N2 - Aims Dietary supplement (DS) use is actively promoted among old people but there is little evidence in favour of DS use or information about the demographic, health and cognitive characteristics of DS users.Method We examined 176 healthy, old people without dementia all born in 1921 and living independently in the community. IQ scores aged about 11 years were available for all subjects. DS users were more often female, had a lower BMI and were taking fewer prescribed medications than non-users.Results Usual dietary intake, as measured by food frequency questionnaire, did not differ between DS users and DS non-users. DS users were seen to have higher Vitamin C (p < 0.05), alpha-carotene (p < 0.05) and lower gamma-tocopherol (p < 0.001) and homocysteine (p < 0.01). DS users did not differ from DS non-users in years of education, indices of occupational code, current socio-economic category or parameters of cardiovascular or respiratory functions. DS users had higher (p < 0.05) childhood IQ scores but did not differ in current Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score or performance on Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) either before or after adjustment for childhood IQ.Conclusions DS users may enjoy somewhat better general health than non-users but the source of this difference is unknown. Possible health benefits of DS use merit further study. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

    AB - Aims Dietary supplement (DS) use is actively promoted among old people but there is little evidence in favour of DS use or information about the demographic, health and cognitive characteristics of DS users.Method We examined 176 healthy, old people without dementia all born in 1921 and living independently in the community. IQ scores aged about 11 years were available for all subjects. DS users were more often female, had a lower BMI and were taking fewer prescribed medications than non-users.Results Usual dietary intake, as measured by food frequency questionnaire, did not differ between DS users and DS non-users. DS users were seen to have higher Vitamin C (p < 0.05), alpha-carotene (p < 0.05) and lower gamma-tocopherol (p < 0.001) and homocysteine (p < 0.01). DS users did not differ from DS non-users in years of education, indices of occupational code, current socio-economic category or parameters of cardiovascular or respiratory functions. DS users had higher (p < 0.05) childhood IQ scores but did not differ in current Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score or performance on Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) either before or after adjustment for childhood IQ.Conclusions DS users may enjoy somewhat better general health than non-users but the source of this difference is unknown. Possible health benefits of DS use merit further study. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

    KW - Aged

    KW - Body Mass Index

    KW - Child

    KW - Cognition

    KW - Diet

    KW - Dietary Supplements

    KW - Female

    KW - Health Status

    KW - Humans

    KW - Intelligence

    KW - Longitudinal Studies

    KW - Male

    KW - Psychological Tests

    KW - Sex Factors

    KW - Vitamins

    KW - Ageing

    KW - Longitudinal assessment

    KW - Normal individuals

    KW - Childhood intelligence

    KW - Performance liquid-chromatography

    KW - Alzheimers-Disease

    KW - Alternative medicine

    KW - Plasma homocysteine

    KW - Mental-ability

    KW - Vitamin-E

    KW - Dementia

    KW - Risk

    KW - Acid

    KW - Complementary

    U2 - 10.1002/gps.915

    DO - 10.1002/gps.915

    M3 - Article

    VL - 18

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    JO - International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

    JF - International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

    SN - 0885-6230

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    ER -