Differential expression of two tumor necrosis factor genes in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

J Zou, T Wang, I Hirono, T Aoki, H Inagawa, T Honda, G-I Soma, M Ototake, T Nakanishi, A E Ellis, C J Secombes, Tiehui Wang

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146 Citations (Scopus)


A second TNF gene (TNF2) has been cloned and sequenced in rainbow trout. In common with the first TNF gene isolated (TNF1), this gene is more TNF alpha-like than TNF beta-like. The full length cDNA is 1519bp, containing a 765bp open reading frame. The gene has four exons, of 380, 49, 60 and 1030bp, respectively. Analysis of the 5' flanking regions of TNF1 and TNF2 reveals several interesting differences in identified transcriptional regulatory elements, with a CATAAA box present 26bp upstream of the transcription start in both genes. Expression analysis in LPS stimulated macrophages has shown a much stronger expression of TNF2 relative to TNF1, with expression being detected earlier and lasting longer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-172
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Issue number2
Early online date1 Nov 2001
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2002


  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • RNA
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha


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