Diurnal variation and repeatability of arterial stiffness and cardiac output measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy

Mohamed W Osman, Francesca Leone, Mintu Nath, Asma Khalil, David R Webb, Thompson G Robinson, Hatem A Mousa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To investigate same day repeated measures and diurnal variation of arterial stiffness, cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) during the third trimester of normal pregnancy.

METHODOLOGY: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) were recorded using the Arteriograph, while CO, SV and TPR were recorded using noninvasive cardiac output monitoring. The measurements were obtained in the third trimester of pregnancy from 21 healthy pregnant women at four time points (morning, afternoon, evening and midnight) over a 24-h period. Triplicate measurements of 67 women were obtained at 5-min intervals to assess repeatability between measurements within a patient.

RESULTS: Diurnal measurements of arterial stiffness for brachial AIx, aortic AIx and PWV were not statistically significantly different at any of the four time points. Estimated means (SD) for PWV at the four stated time points were 7.81 (2.05), 8.45 (1.68), 7.87 (1.74) and 7.64 m/s (1.15), respectively (P = 0.267). Estimates for AIx at those time points were 10.22 (15.62), 4.44 (10.07), 6.49 (10.92) and 8.40% (8.16), respectively (P = 0.295). Similarly, mean arterial pressure, SV, SV index and TPR did not show any evidence of diurnal variation. However, we observed that the mean CO, cardiac index (CI) and heart rate (HR) varied from morning to midnight; the mean CO, HR and CI increased significantly in the afternoon compared with the corresponding mean morning measurements in a similar fashion to HR. Mean (SD) CO estimates at the four stated time points were 5.90 (1.33), 6.38 (1.49), 6.18 (1.43) and 5.80 ml/min (1.19), respectively, (P < 0.001), whereas mean CI estimates were 3.65 (0.58), 3.93 (0.68), 3.81 (0.65), and 3.57 (0.48), respectively, (P < 0.001), and mean HR estimates were 95 (12), 98 (13), 95 (12) and 88 (12.98), respectively (P < 0.001). Triplicate measurements of 61 women in our repeatability study showed moderate-to-high correlation between observations on the same woman for all Arteriograph and noninvasive cardiac output monitoring variables (estimates of intraclass correlation ranged from 0.49 to 0.91).

CONCLUSION: With the exception of CO, CI and HR which showed a diurnal variation, measurements of most haemodynamic parameters did not change significantly from morning to midnight, suggesting there was no evidence of systematic differences in the mean values of these variables at these time points. Multiple consecutive noninvasive measurements of vascular stiffness, CO, SV and TPR were highly correlated confirming repeatability of measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy, so these haemodynamic measurements do not need to be undertaken at a specific time period of the day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2436-2442
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Fingerprint

Vascular Stiffness
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume
Heart Rate
Vascular Resistance
Pulse Wave Analysis
Hemodynamics
Pregnant Women
Arterial Pressure
Arm

Keywords

  • Cardiac Output/physiology
  • Circadian Rhythm/physiology
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular/standards
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Trimester, Third/physiology
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Vascular Stiffness/physiology

Cite this

Diurnal variation and repeatability of arterial stiffness and cardiac output measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy. / Osman, Mohamed W; Leone, Francesca; Nath, Mintu; Khalil, Asma; Webb, David R; Robinson, Thompson G; Mousa, Hatem A.

In: Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 35, No. 12, 12.2017, p. 2436-2442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Osman, Mohamed W ; Leone, Francesca ; Nath, Mintu ; Khalil, Asma ; Webb, David R ; Robinson, Thompson G ; Mousa, Hatem A. / Diurnal variation and repeatability of arterial stiffness and cardiac output measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy. In: Journal of Hypertension. 2017 ; Vol. 35, No. 12. pp. 2436-2442.
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abstract = "AIM: To investigate same day repeated measures and diurnal variation of arterial stiffness, cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) during the third trimester of normal pregnancy.METHODOLOGY: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) were recorded using the Arteriograph, while CO, SV and TPR were recorded using noninvasive cardiac output monitoring. The measurements were obtained in the third trimester of pregnancy from 21 healthy pregnant women at four time points (morning, afternoon, evening and midnight) over a 24-h period. Triplicate measurements of 67 women were obtained at 5-min intervals to assess repeatability between measurements within a patient.RESULTS: Diurnal measurements of arterial stiffness for brachial AIx, aortic AIx and PWV were not statistically significantly different at any of the four time points. Estimated means (SD) for PWV at the four stated time points were 7.81 (2.05), 8.45 (1.68), 7.87 (1.74) and 7.64 m/s (1.15), respectively (P = 0.267). Estimates for AIx at those time points were 10.22 (15.62), 4.44 (10.07), 6.49 (10.92) and 8.40{\%} (8.16), respectively (P = 0.295). Similarly, mean arterial pressure, SV, SV index and TPR did not show any evidence of diurnal variation. However, we observed that the mean CO, cardiac index (CI) and heart rate (HR) varied from morning to midnight; the mean CO, HR and CI increased significantly in the afternoon compared with the corresponding mean morning measurements in a similar fashion to HR. Mean (SD) CO estimates at the four stated time points were 5.90 (1.33), 6.38 (1.49), 6.18 (1.43) and 5.80 ml/min (1.19), respectively, (P < 0.001), whereas mean CI estimates were 3.65 (0.58), 3.93 (0.68), 3.81 (0.65), and 3.57 (0.48), respectively, (P < 0.001), and mean HR estimates were 95 (12), 98 (13), 95 (12) and 88 (12.98), respectively (P < 0.001). Triplicate measurements of 61 women in our repeatability study showed moderate-to-high correlation between observations on the same woman for all Arteriograph and noninvasive cardiac output monitoring variables (estimates of intraclass correlation ranged from 0.49 to 0.91).CONCLUSION: With the exception of CO, CI and HR which showed a diurnal variation, measurements of most haemodynamic parameters did not change significantly from morning to midnight, suggesting there was no evidence of systematic differences in the mean values of these variables at these time points. Multiple consecutive noninvasive measurements of vascular stiffness, CO, SV and TPR were highly correlated confirming repeatability of measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy, so these haemodynamic measurements do not need to be undertaken at a specific time period of the day.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Diurnal variation and repeatability of arterial stiffness and cardiac output measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy

AU - Osman, Mohamed W

AU - Leone, Francesca

AU - Nath, Mintu

AU - Khalil, Asma

AU - Webb, David R

AU - Robinson, Thompson G

AU - Mousa, Hatem A

PY - 2017/12

Y1 - 2017/12

N2 - AIM: To investigate same day repeated measures and diurnal variation of arterial stiffness, cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) during the third trimester of normal pregnancy.METHODOLOGY: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) were recorded using the Arteriograph, while CO, SV and TPR were recorded using noninvasive cardiac output monitoring. The measurements were obtained in the third trimester of pregnancy from 21 healthy pregnant women at four time points (morning, afternoon, evening and midnight) over a 24-h period. Triplicate measurements of 67 women were obtained at 5-min intervals to assess repeatability between measurements within a patient.RESULTS: Diurnal measurements of arterial stiffness for brachial AIx, aortic AIx and PWV were not statistically significantly different at any of the four time points. Estimated means (SD) for PWV at the four stated time points were 7.81 (2.05), 8.45 (1.68), 7.87 (1.74) and 7.64 m/s (1.15), respectively (P = 0.267). Estimates for AIx at those time points were 10.22 (15.62), 4.44 (10.07), 6.49 (10.92) and 8.40% (8.16), respectively (P = 0.295). Similarly, mean arterial pressure, SV, SV index and TPR did not show any evidence of diurnal variation. However, we observed that the mean CO, cardiac index (CI) and heart rate (HR) varied from morning to midnight; the mean CO, HR and CI increased significantly in the afternoon compared with the corresponding mean morning measurements in a similar fashion to HR. Mean (SD) CO estimates at the four stated time points were 5.90 (1.33), 6.38 (1.49), 6.18 (1.43) and 5.80 ml/min (1.19), respectively, (P < 0.001), whereas mean CI estimates were 3.65 (0.58), 3.93 (0.68), 3.81 (0.65), and 3.57 (0.48), respectively, (P < 0.001), and mean HR estimates were 95 (12), 98 (13), 95 (12) and 88 (12.98), respectively (P < 0.001). Triplicate measurements of 61 women in our repeatability study showed moderate-to-high correlation between observations on the same woman for all Arteriograph and noninvasive cardiac output monitoring variables (estimates of intraclass correlation ranged from 0.49 to 0.91).CONCLUSION: With the exception of CO, CI and HR which showed a diurnal variation, measurements of most haemodynamic parameters did not change significantly from morning to midnight, suggesting there was no evidence of systematic differences in the mean values of these variables at these time points. Multiple consecutive noninvasive measurements of vascular stiffness, CO, SV and TPR were highly correlated confirming repeatability of measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy, so these haemodynamic measurements do not need to be undertaken at a specific time period of the day.

AB - AIM: To investigate same day repeated measures and diurnal variation of arterial stiffness, cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) during the third trimester of normal pregnancy.METHODOLOGY: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) were recorded using the Arteriograph, while CO, SV and TPR were recorded using noninvasive cardiac output monitoring. The measurements were obtained in the third trimester of pregnancy from 21 healthy pregnant women at four time points (morning, afternoon, evening and midnight) over a 24-h period. Triplicate measurements of 67 women were obtained at 5-min intervals to assess repeatability between measurements within a patient.RESULTS: Diurnal measurements of arterial stiffness for brachial AIx, aortic AIx and PWV were not statistically significantly different at any of the four time points. Estimated means (SD) for PWV at the four stated time points were 7.81 (2.05), 8.45 (1.68), 7.87 (1.74) and 7.64 m/s (1.15), respectively (P = 0.267). Estimates for AIx at those time points were 10.22 (15.62), 4.44 (10.07), 6.49 (10.92) and 8.40% (8.16), respectively (P = 0.295). Similarly, mean arterial pressure, SV, SV index and TPR did not show any evidence of diurnal variation. However, we observed that the mean CO, cardiac index (CI) and heart rate (HR) varied from morning to midnight; the mean CO, HR and CI increased significantly in the afternoon compared with the corresponding mean morning measurements in a similar fashion to HR. Mean (SD) CO estimates at the four stated time points were 5.90 (1.33), 6.38 (1.49), 6.18 (1.43) and 5.80 ml/min (1.19), respectively, (P < 0.001), whereas mean CI estimates were 3.65 (0.58), 3.93 (0.68), 3.81 (0.65), and 3.57 (0.48), respectively, (P < 0.001), and mean HR estimates were 95 (12), 98 (13), 95 (12) and 88 (12.98), respectively (P < 0.001). Triplicate measurements of 61 women in our repeatability study showed moderate-to-high correlation between observations on the same woman for all Arteriograph and noninvasive cardiac output monitoring variables (estimates of intraclass correlation ranged from 0.49 to 0.91).CONCLUSION: With the exception of CO, CI and HR which showed a diurnal variation, measurements of most haemodynamic parameters did not change significantly from morning to midnight, suggesting there was no evidence of systematic differences in the mean values of these variables at these time points. Multiple consecutive noninvasive measurements of vascular stiffness, CO, SV and TPR were highly correlated confirming repeatability of measurements in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancy, so these haemodynamic measurements do not need to be undertaken at a specific time period of the day.

KW - Cardiac Output/physiology

KW - Circadian Rhythm/physiology

KW - Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular/standards

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Pregnancy Trimester, Third/physiology

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Vascular Stiffness/physiology

U2 - 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001482

DO - 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001482

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 2436

EP - 2442

JO - Journal of Hypertension

JF - Journal of Hypertension

SN - 0263-6352

IS - 12

ER -