Diversity, Abundance and Structure of the Cetacean Community in Summer Months East of Great Abaco, The Bahamas

Colin D MacLeod, N. Hauser, H. Peckham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about cetacean communities in the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic. This paper describes the cetacean community found east of Great Abaco in the northern Bahamas (26.5degreesN) during summer months between 1998 and 2001. Nine species of cetaceans were recorded, which could be divided into two distinct groupings: firstly, 'permanent' species, which had relative sightings rates between 0.026-0.084 sightings per hour and which were recorded on many occasions in all years and most months; secondly, 'sporadic' species, which had relative sightings rates an order of magnitude lower (0.004-0.008 sightings per hour) and which were recorded on very few occasions. The 'permanent' species were the Stenella frontalis (Atlantic spotted dolphin), Kogia simus (the dwarf sperm whale), Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's beaked whale) and Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's beaked whale). These four species differed significantly in the depth of grid squares utilized (chi(2)=20.25, df=9, P<0.01) suggesting that these species occupied four separate niches. Slenella frontalis dominated the surface feeding niche, while the remaining three deep-diving species segregated into different depth ranges. Kogla simus was the dominant species in water depths of less than 200 m, M. densirostris in water depths of 200 to 1000 m and Z. cavirostris in water depths of greater than 1000 m. The overall relative density (2.533 individuals per hour of effort) and diversity of species in the study area was relatively low and may relate to low levels of local productivity. It is hypothesized that the four 'permanent' species may competitively exclude ecologically similar species, resulting in a reduced number of species and that 'sporadic' species may only enter the study area during times of higher than usual productivity when the 'permanent' species are no longer able to dominate their individual niches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-474
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume84
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Cite this

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title = "Diversity, Abundance and Structure of the Cetacean Community in Summer Months East of Great Abaco, The Bahamas",
abstract = "Little is known about cetacean communities in the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic. This paper describes the cetacean community found east of Great Abaco in the northern Bahamas (26.5degreesN) during summer months between 1998 and 2001. Nine species of cetaceans were recorded, which could be divided into two distinct groupings: firstly, 'permanent' species, which had relative sightings rates between 0.026-0.084 sightings per hour and which were recorded on many occasions in all years and most months; secondly, 'sporadic' species, which had relative sightings rates an order of magnitude lower (0.004-0.008 sightings per hour) and which were recorded on very few occasions. The 'permanent' species were the Stenella frontalis (Atlantic spotted dolphin), Kogia simus (the dwarf sperm whale), Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's beaked whale) and Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's beaked whale). These four species differed significantly in the depth of grid squares utilized (chi(2)=20.25, df=9, P<0.01) suggesting that these species occupied four separate niches. Slenella frontalis dominated the surface feeding niche, while the remaining three deep-diving species segregated into different depth ranges. Kogla simus was the dominant species in water depths of less than 200 m, M. densirostris in water depths of 200 to 1000 m and Z. cavirostris in water depths of greater than 1000 m. The overall relative density (2.533 individuals per hour of effort) and diversity of species in the study area was relatively low and may relate to low levels of local productivity. It is hypothesized that the four 'permanent' species may competitively exclude ecologically similar species, resulting in a reduced number of species and that 'sporadic' species may only enter the study area during times of higher than usual productivity when the 'permanent' species are no longer able to dominate their individual niches.",
author = "MacLeod, {Colin D} and N. Hauser and H. Peckham",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1017/S0025315404009476h",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "469--474",
journal = "Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom",
issn = "0025-3154",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Diversity, Abundance and Structure of the Cetacean Community in Summer Months East of Great Abaco, The Bahamas

AU - MacLeod, Colin D

AU - Hauser, N.

AU - Peckham, H.

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Little is known about cetacean communities in the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic. This paper describes the cetacean community found east of Great Abaco in the northern Bahamas (26.5degreesN) during summer months between 1998 and 2001. Nine species of cetaceans were recorded, which could be divided into two distinct groupings: firstly, 'permanent' species, which had relative sightings rates between 0.026-0.084 sightings per hour and which were recorded on many occasions in all years and most months; secondly, 'sporadic' species, which had relative sightings rates an order of magnitude lower (0.004-0.008 sightings per hour) and which were recorded on very few occasions. The 'permanent' species were the Stenella frontalis (Atlantic spotted dolphin), Kogia simus (the dwarf sperm whale), Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's beaked whale) and Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's beaked whale). These four species differed significantly in the depth of grid squares utilized (chi(2)=20.25, df=9, P<0.01) suggesting that these species occupied four separate niches. Slenella frontalis dominated the surface feeding niche, while the remaining three deep-diving species segregated into different depth ranges. Kogla simus was the dominant species in water depths of less than 200 m, M. densirostris in water depths of 200 to 1000 m and Z. cavirostris in water depths of greater than 1000 m. The overall relative density (2.533 individuals per hour of effort) and diversity of species in the study area was relatively low and may relate to low levels of local productivity. It is hypothesized that the four 'permanent' species may competitively exclude ecologically similar species, resulting in a reduced number of species and that 'sporadic' species may only enter the study area during times of higher than usual productivity when the 'permanent' species are no longer able to dominate their individual niches.

AB - Little is known about cetacean communities in the tropical and sub-tropical Atlantic. This paper describes the cetacean community found east of Great Abaco in the northern Bahamas (26.5degreesN) during summer months between 1998 and 2001. Nine species of cetaceans were recorded, which could be divided into two distinct groupings: firstly, 'permanent' species, which had relative sightings rates between 0.026-0.084 sightings per hour and which were recorded on many occasions in all years and most months; secondly, 'sporadic' species, which had relative sightings rates an order of magnitude lower (0.004-0.008 sightings per hour) and which were recorded on very few occasions. The 'permanent' species were the Stenella frontalis (Atlantic spotted dolphin), Kogia simus (the dwarf sperm whale), Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville's beaked whale) and Ziphius cavirostris (Cuvier's beaked whale). These four species differed significantly in the depth of grid squares utilized (chi(2)=20.25, df=9, P<0.01) suggesting that these species occupied four separate niches. Slenella frontalis dominated the surface feeding niche, while the remaining three deep-diving species segregated into different depth ranges. Kogla simus was the dominant species in water depths of less than 200 m, M. densirostris in water depths of 200 to 1000 m and Z. cavirostris in water depths of greater than 1000 m. The overall relative density (2.533 individuals per hour of effort) and diversity of species in the study area was relatively low and may relate to low levels of local productivity. It is hypothesized that the four 'permanent' species may competitively exclude ecologically similar species, resulting in a reduced number of species and that 'sporadic' species may only enter the study area during times of higher than usual productivity when the 'permanent' species are no longer able to dominate their individual niches.

U2 - 10.1017/S0025315404009476h

DO - 10.1017/S0025315404009476h

M3 - Article

VL - 84

SP - 469

EP - 474

JO - Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

JF - Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom

SN - 0025-3154

ER -