Diversity and functional analysis of LuxR-type transcriptional regulators of cyclic lipopeptide biosynthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens

I De Bruijn, J M Raaijmakers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) are produced by many Pseudomonas species and have several biological functions, including a role in surface motility, biofilm formation, virulence, and antimicrobial activity. This study focused on the diversity and role of LuxR-type transcriptional regulators in CLP biosynthesis in Pseudomonas species and, specifically, viscosin production by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain SBW25. Phylogenetic analyses showed that CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas strains are flanked by LuxR-type regulators that contain a DNA-binding helix-turn-helix domain but lack N-acylhomoserine lactone-binding or response regulator domains. For SBW25, site-directed mutagenesis of the genes coding for either of the two identified LuxR-type regulators, designated ViscAR and ViscBCR, strongly reduced transcript levels of the viscABC biosynthesis genes and resulted in a loss of viscosin production. Expression analyses further showed that a mutation in either viscAR or viscBCR did not substantially (change of <2.5-fold) affect transcription of the other regulator. Transformation of the ΔviscAR mutant of SBW25 with a LuxR-type regulatory gene from P. fluorescens strain SS101 that produces massetolide, a CLP structurally related to viscosin, restored transcription of the viscABC genes and viscosin production. The results further showed that a functional viscAR gene was required for heterologous expression of the massetolide biosynthesis genes of strain SS101 in strain SBW25, leading to the production of both viscosin and massetolide. Collectively, these results indicate that the regulators flanking the CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas species represent a unique LuxR subfamily of proteins and that viscosin biosynthesis in P. fluorescens SBW25 is controlled by two LuxR-type transcriptional regulators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4753-4761
Number of pages9
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume75
Issue number14
Early online date15 May 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Fingerprint

lipopeptides
Lipopeptides
Pseudomonas fluorescens
transcription factors
biosynthesis
Pseudomonas
gene
Genes
genes
site-directed mutagenesis
Protein Biosynthesis
Lactones
Fourier Analysis
Regulator Genes
Biofilms
antimicrobial activity
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
regulator genes
analysis
lactones

Keywords

  • amino acid substitution
  • bacterial proteins
  • binding sites
  • gene expression regulation, bacterial
  • genetic complementation test
  • lipopeptides
  • multigene family
  • mutagenesis, site-directed
  • peptides, cyclic
  • phylogeny
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • repressor proteins
  • sequence homology, amino acid
  • trans-activators

Cite this

Diversity and functional analysis of LuxR-type transcriptional regulators of cyclic lipopeptide biosynthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens. / De Bruijn, I; Raaijmakers, J M.

In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 75, No. 14, 07.2009, p. 4753-4761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) are produced by many Pseudomonas species and have several biological functions, including a role in surface motility, biofilm formation, virulence, and antimicrobial activity. This study focused on the diversity and role of LuxR-type transcriptional regulators in CLP biosynthesis in Pseudomonas species and, specifically, viscosin production by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain SBW25. Phylogenetic analyses showed that CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas strains are flanked by LuxR-type regulators that contain a DNA-binding helix-turn-helix domain but lack N-acylhomoserine lactone-binding or response regulator domains. For SBW25, site-directed mutagenesis of the genes coding for either of the two identified LuxR-type regulators, designated ViscAR and ViscBCR, strongly reduced transcript levels of the viscABC biosynthesis genes and resulted in a loss of viscosin production. Expression analyses further showed that a mutation in either viscAR or viscBCR did not substantially (change of <2.5-fold) affect transcription of the other regulator. Transformation of the ΔviscAR mutant of SBW25 with a LuxR-type regulatory gene from P. fluorescens strain SS101 that produces massetolide, a CLP structurally related to viscosin, restored transcription of the viscABC genes and viscosin production. The results further showed that a functional viscAR gene was required for heterologous expression of the massetolide biosynthesis genes of strain SS101 in strain SBW25, leading to the production of both viscosin and massetolide. Collectively, these results indicate that the regulators flanking the CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas species represent a unique LuxR subfamily of proteins and that viscosin biosynthesis in P. fluorescens SBW25 is controlled by two LuxR-type transcriptional regulators.",
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N2 - Cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) are produced by many Pseudomonas species and have several biological functions, including a role in surface motility, biofilm formation, virulence, and antimicrobial activity. This study focused on the diversity and role of LuxR-type transcriptional regulators in CLP biosynthesis in Pseudomonas species and, specifically, viscosin production by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain SBW25. Phylogenetic analyses showed that CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas strains are flanked by LuxR-type regulators that contain a DNA-binding helix-turn-helix domain but lack N-acylhomoserine lactone-binding or response regulator domains. For SBW25, site-directed mutagenesis of the genes coding for either of the two identified LuxR-type regulators, designated ViscAR and ViscBCR, strongly reduced transcript levels of the viscABC biosynthesis genes and resulted in a loss of viscosin production. Expression analyses further showed that a mutation in either viscAR or viscBCR did not substantially (change of <2.5-fold) affect transcription of the other regulator. Transformation of the ΔviscAR mutant of SBW25 with a LuxR-type regulatory gene from P. fluorescens strain SS101 that produces massetolide, a CLP structurally related to viscosin, restored transcription of the viscABC genes and viscosin production. The results further showed that a functional viscAR gene was required for heterologous expression of the massetolide biosynthesis genes of strain SS101 in strain SBW25, leading to the production of both viscosin and massetolide. Collectively, these results indicate that the regulators flanking the CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas species represent a unique LuxR subfamily of proteins and that viscosin biosynthesis in P. fluorescens SBW25 is controlled by two LuxR-type transcriptional regulators.

AB - Cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) are produced by many Pseudomonas species and have several biological functions, including a role in surface motility, biofilm formation, virulence, and antimicrobial activity. This study focused on the diversity and role of LuxR-type transcriptional regulators in CLP biosynthesis in Pseudomonas species and, specifically, viscosin production by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain SBW25. Phylogenetic analyses showed that CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas strains are flanked by LuxR-type regulators that contain a DNA-binding helix-turn-helix domain but lack N-acylhomoserine lactone-binding or response regulator domains. For SBW25, site-directed mutagenesis of the genes coding for either of the two identified LuxR-type regulators, designated ViscAR and ViscBCR, strongly reduced transcript levels of the viscABC biosynthesis genes and resulted in a loss of viscosin production. Expression analyses further showed that a mutation in either viscAR or viscBCR did not substantially (change of <2.5-fold) affect transcription of the other regulator. Transformation of the ΔviscAR mutant of SBW25 with a LuxR-type regulatory gene from P. fluorescens strain SS101 that produces massetolide, a CLP structurally related to viscosin, restored transcription of the viscABC genes and viscosin production. The results further showed that a functional viscAR gene was required for heterologous expression of the massetolide biosynthesis genes of strain SS101 in strain SBW25, leading to the production of both viscosin and massetolide. Collectively, these results indicate that the regulators flanking the CLP biosynthesis genes in Pseudomonas species represent a unique LuxR subfamily of proteins and that viscosin biosynthesis in P. fluorescens SBW25 is controlled by two LuxR-type transcriptional regulators.

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KW - binding sites

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KW - peptides, cyclic

KW - phylogeny

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KW - repressor proteins

KW - sequence homology, amino acid

KW - trans-activators

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