DNA stability and genomic methylation status in colonocytes isolated from methyl-donor-deficient rats

Susan Joyce Duthie, S Narayanan, G M Brand, George Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Epidemiological studies report an Inverse relationship between intake of the B vitamin folic acid and colon cancer. Folate is important for DNA synthesis and repair. Moreover, the production of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), essential for normal DNA methylation and gene expression, is dependent on folic acid. Folate deficiency may increase the risk of malignant transformation by perturbing these pathways.

Aims of the study: The principal aim of this study was to determine the effects of folate deficiency on DNA stability and DNA methylation in rat colonocytes invivo. As the metabolic pathways of folate and other dietary methyl donors are closely linked, the effects of methionine and choline deficiency were also evaluated.

Methods: Male Hooded-Lister rats were fed a diet deficient in folic acid, or in methionine and choline, or in folate, methionine and choline for 10 weeks. DNA strand breakage and misincorporated uracil were determined in isolated colonocytes using alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis. Global DNA methylation was measured in colonic scrapings. Folate was measured in plasma, erythrocyte and liver samples.

Results: Methyl donor deficiency induced DNA strand breakage in colonocytes isolated from all experimental groups. Uracil levels in colonocyte DNA remained unchanged compared with controls. DNA methylation was unaffected either by folate and/or methionine and choline depletion. Rats fed a folate-deficient diet had less folate in plasma, red blood cells and liver than controls.

Conclusions: Folate and methyl deficiency in vivo primarily affects DNA stability in isolated colonocytes of rats, without affecting overall DNA methylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-111
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000

Keywords

  • folic acid deficiency
  • methyl-donor deficiency
  • rat colonocytes
  • DNA strand breakage
  • DNA methylation
  • HAMSTER OVARY CELLS
  • FOLATE-DEFICIENCY
  • IN-VITRO
  • COLORECTAL-CANCER
  • FOLIC-ACID
  • URACIL MISINCORPORATION
  • P53 GENE
  • C-MYC
  • HYPOMETHYLATION
  • DAMAGE
  • DNA methylation

Cite this

DNA stability and genomic methylation status in colonocytes isolated from methyl-donor-deficient rats. / Duthie, Susan Joyce; Narayanan, S ; Brand, G M ; Grant, George.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 39, No. 3, 06.2000, p. 106-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Duthie, Susan Joyce ; Narayanan, S ; Brand, G M ; Grant, George. / DNA stability and genomic methylation status in colonocytes isolated from methyl-donor-deficient rats. In: European Journal of Nutrition. 2000 ; Vol. 39, No. 3. pp. 106-111.
@article{6adcb8c06090413e9fe1d08e67526221,
title = "DNA stability and genomic methylation status in colonocytes isolated from methyl-donor-deficient rats",
abstract = "Background: Epidemiological studies report an Inverse relationship between intake of the B vitamin folic acid and colon cancer. Folate is important for DNA synthesis and repair. Moreover, the production of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), essential for normal DNA methylation and gene expression, is dependent on folic acid. Folate deficiency may increase the risk of malignant transformation by perturbing these pathways.Aims of the study: The principal aim of this study was to determine the effects of folate deficiency on DNA stability and DNA methylation in rat colonocytes invivo. As the metabolic pathways of folate and other dietary methyl donors are closely linked, the effects of methionine and choline deficiency were also evaluated.Methods: Male Hooded-Lister rats were fed a diet deficient in folic acid, or in methionine and choline, or in folate, methionine and choline for 10 weeks. DNA strand breakage and misincorporated uracil were determined in isolated colonocytes using alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis. Global DNA methylation was measured in colonic scrapings. Folate was measured in plasma, erythrocyte and liver samples.Results: Methyl donor deficiency induced DNA strand breakage in colonocytes isolated from all experimental groups. Uracil levels in colonocyte DNA remained unchanged compared with controls. DNA methylation was unaffected either by folate and/or methionine and choline depletion. Rats fed a folate-deficient diet had less folate in plasma, red blood cells and liver than controls.Conclusions: Folate and methyl deficiency in vivo primarily affects DNA stability in isolated colonocytes of rats, without affecting overall DNA methylation.",
keywords = "folic acid deficiency, methyl-donor deficiency, rat colonocytes, DNA strand breakage, DNA methylation, HAMSTER OVARY CELLS, FOLATE-DEFICIENCY, IN-VITRO, COLORECTAL-CANCER, FOLIC-ACID, URACIL MISINCORPORATION, P53 GENE, C-MYC, HYPOMETHYLATION, DAMAGE, DNA methylation",
author = "Duthie, {Susan Joyce} and S Narayanan and Brand, {G M} and George Grant",
year = "2000",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s003940070026",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "106--111",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "D. Steinkopff-Verlag",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - DNA stability and genomic methylation status in colonocytes isolated from methyl-donor-deficient rats

AU - Duthie, Susan Joyce

AU - Narayanan, S

AU - Brand, G M

AU - Grant, George

PY - 2000/6

Y1 - 2000/6

N2 - Background: Epidemiological studies report an Inverse relationship between intake of the B vitamin folic acid and colon cancer. Folate is important for DNA synthesis and repair. Moreover, the production of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), essential for normal DNA methylation and gene expression, is dependent on folic acid. Folate deficiency may increase the risk of malignant transformation by perturbing these pathways.Aims of the study: The principal aim of this study was to determine the effects of folate deficiency on DNA stability and DNA methylation in rat colonocytes invivo. As the metabolic pathways of folate and other dietary methyl donors are closely linked, the effects of methionine and choline deficiency were also evaluated.Methods: Male Hooded-Lister rats were fed a diet deficient in folic acid, or in methionine and choline, or in folate, methionine and choline for 10 weeks. DNA strand breakage and misincorporated uracil were determined in isolated colonocytes using alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis. Global DNA methylation was measured in colonic scrapings. Folate was measured in plasma, erythrocyte and liver samples.Results: Methyl donor deficiency induced DNA strand breakage in colonocytes isolated from all experimental groups. Uracil levels in colonocyte DNA remained unchanged compared with controls. DNA methylation was unaffected either by folate and/or methionine and choline depletion. Rats fed a folate-deficient diet had less folate in plasma, red blood cells and liver than controls.Conclusions: Folate and methyl deficiency in vivo primarily affects DNA stability in isolated colonocytes of rats, without affecting overall DNA methylation.

AB - Background: Epidemiological studies report an Inverse relationship between intake of the B vitamin folic acid and colon cancer. Folate is important for DNA synthesis and repair. Moreover, the production of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), essential for normal DNA methylation and gene expression, is dependent on folic acid. Folate deficiency may increase the risk of malignant transformation by perturbing these pathways.Aims of the study: The principal aim of this study was to determine the effects of folate deficiency on DNA stability and DNA methylation in rat colonocytes invivo. As the metabolic pathways of folate and other dietary methyl donors are closely linked, the effects of methionine and choline deficiency were also evaluated.Methods: Male Hooded-Lister rats were fed a diet deficient in folic acid, or in methionine and choline, or in folate, methionine and choline for 10 weeks. DNA strand breakage and misincorporated uracil were determined in isolated colonocytes using alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis. Global DNA methylation was measured in colonic scrapings. Folate was measured in plasma, erythrocyte and liver samples.Results: Methyl donor deficiency induced DNA strand breakage in colonocytes isolated from all experimental groups. Uracil levels in colonocyte DNA remained unchanged compared with controls. DNA methylation was unaffected either by folate and/or methionine and choline depletion. Rats fed a folate-deficient diet had less folate in plasma, red blood cells and liver than controls.Conclusions: Folate and methyl deficiency in vivo primarily affects DNA stability in isolated colonocytes of rats, without affecting overall DNA methylation.

KW - folic acid deficiency

KW - methyl-donor deficiency

KW - rat colonocytes

KW - DNA strand breakage

KW - DNA methylation

KW - HAMSTER OVARY CELLS

KW - FOLATE-DEFICIENCY

KW - IN-VITRO

KW - COLORECTAL-CANCER

KW - FOLIC-ACID

KW - URACIL MISINCORPORATION

KW - P53 GENE

KW - C-MYC

KW - HYPOMETHYLATION

KW - DAMAGE

KW - DNA methylation

U2 - 10.1007/s003940070026

DO - 10.1007/s003940070026

M3 - Article

VL - 39

SP - 106

EP - 111

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

IS - 3

ER -