Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play?

Andrew Rutherford, Richard Stephens, Gordon Fernie, Douglas Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Male players from football and rugby clubs and sportsmen from a variety of noncontact sports clubs at a UK university were compared on biographical and neuropsychological test measures. A data analysis paradigm was developed and employed to control the inflation of Type 1 error rate due to multiple hypotheses testing. Rugby players sustained most head injuries in their chosen sport, but neuropsychological tests of attention, memory, and executive function provided no evidence of performance impairment attributable to the number of head injuries sustained or the football, rugby, or noncontact sport groups. Footballers' heading frequency was related to the number of football head injuries sustained, but no relationship was detected between footballers' heading frequency and their neuropsychological test performance. Following discussion of pertinent methodological limitations it is concluded that there was no evidence in this dataset of neuropsychological impairment consistent with either mild head injury incidence or football heading frequency. However, a need for further research examining the long-term neuropsychological consequences of such head injuries was identified. © 2008 Psychology Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-681
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume31
Issue number6
Early online date22 Jul 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Fingerprint

Soccer
Football
Craniocerebral Trauma
Neuropsychological Tests
Sports
Executive Function
Economic Inflation
Psychology
Incidence
Research

Keywords

  • concussion
  • head trauma
  • heading
  • neuropsychological impairment
  • neuropsychology

Cite this

Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play? / Rutherford, Andrew; Stephens, Richard; Fernie, Gordon; Potter, Douglas.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 31, No. 6, 08.2009, p. 664-681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{db4b7d50076f401ab23a02c88e0bcc71,
title = "Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play?",
abstract = "Male players from football and rugby clubs and sportsmen from a variety of noncontact sports clubs at a UK university were compared on biographical and neuropsychological test measures. A data analysis paradigm was developed and employed to control the inflation of Type 1 error rate due to multiple hypotheses testing. Rugby players sustained most head injuries in their chosen sport, but neuropsychological tests of attention, memory, and executive function provided no evidence of performance impairment attributable to the number of head injuries sustained or the football, rugby, or noncontact sport groups. Footballers' heading frequency was related to the number of football head injuries sustained, but no relationship was detected between footballers' heading frequency and their neuropsychological test performance. Following discussion of pertinent methodological limitations it is concluded that there was no evidence in this dataset of neuropsychological impairment consistent with either mild head injury incidence or football heading frequency. However, a need for further research examining the long-term neuropsychological consequences of such head injuries was identified. {\circledC} 2008 Psychology Press.",
keywords = "concussion, head trauma, heading, neuropsychological impairment, neuropsychology",
author = "Andrew Rutherford and Richard Stephens and Gordon Fernie and Douglas Potter",
note = "Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 19 January 2011 Source: Scopus",
year = "2009",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1080/13803390802484755",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "664--681",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology",
issn = "0168-8634",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play?

AU - Rutherford, Andrew

AU - Stephens, Richard

AU - Fernie, Gordon

AU - Potter, Douglas

N1 - Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 19 January 2011 Source: Scopus

PY - 2009/8

Y1 - 2009/8

N2 - Male players from football and rugby clubs and sportsmen from a variety of noncontact sports clubs at a UK university were compared on biographical and neuropsychological test measures. A data analysis paradigm was developed and employed to control the inflation of Type 1 error rate due to multiple hypotheses testing. Rugby players sustained most head injuries in their chosen sport, but neuropsychological tests of attention, memory, and executive function provided no evidence of performance impairment attributable to the number of head injuries sustained or the football, rugby, or noncontact sport groups. Footballers' heading frequency was related to the number of football head injuries sustained, but no relationship was detected between footballers' heading frequency and their neuropsychological test performance. Following discussion of pertinent methodological limitations it is concluded that there was no evidence in this dataset of neuropsychological impairment consistent with either mild head injury incidence or football heading frequency. However, a need for further research examining the long-term neuropsychological consequences of such head injuries was identified. © 2008 Psychology Press.

AB - Male players from football and rugby clubs and sportsmen from a variety of noncontact sports clubs at a UK university were compared on biographical and neuropsychological test measures. A data analysis paradigm was developed and employed to control the inflation of Type 1 error rate due to multiple hypotheses testing. Rugby players sustained most head injuries in their chosen sport, but neuropsychological tests of attention, memory, and executive function provided no evidence of performance impairment attributable to the number of head injuries sustained or the football, rugby, or noncontact sport groups. Footballers' heading frequency was related to the number of football head injuries sustained, but no relationship was detected between footballers' heading frequency and their neuropsychological test performance. Following discussion of pertinent methodological limitations it is concluded that there was no evidence in this dataset of neuropsychological impairment consistent with either mild head injury incidence or football heading frequency. However, a need for further research examining the long-term neuropsychological consequences of such head injuries was identified. © 2008 Psychology Press.

KW - concussion

KW - head trauma

KW - heading

KW - neuropsychological impairment

KW - neuropsychology

U2 - 10.1080/13803390802484755

DO - 10.1080/13803390802484755

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 664

EP - 681

JO - Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

JF - Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology

SN - 0168-8634

IS - 6

ER -