Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play?

Andrew Rutherford, Richard Stephens, Gordon Fernie, Douglas Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Male players from football and rugby clubs and sportsmen from a variety of noncontact sports clubs at a UK university were compared on biographical and neuropsychological test measures. A data analysis paradigm was developed and employed to control the inflation of Type 1 error rate due to multiple hypotheses testing. Rugby players sustained most head injuries in their chosen sport, but neuropsychological tests of attention, memory, and executive function provided no evidence of performance impairment attributable to the number of head injuries sustained or the football, rugby, or noncontact sport groups. Footballers' heading frequency was related to the number of football head injuries sustained, but no relationship was detected between footballers' heading frequency and their neuropsychological test performance. Following discussion of pertinent methodological limitations it is concluded that there was no evidence in this dataset of neuropsychological impairment consistent with either mild head injury incidence or football heading frequency. However, a need for further research examining the long-term neuropsychological consequences of such head injuries was identified. © 2008 Psychology Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-681
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume31
Issue number6
Early online date22 Jul 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • concussion
  • head trauma
  • heading
  • neuropsychological impairment
  • neuropsychology

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