PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between disability, length of stay (LOS) and anticholinergic burden (ACB) with people following acquired brain or spinal cord injury.
RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective case note review assessed total rehabilitation unit admission.
METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Assessment of 52 consecutive patients with acquired brain/spinal injury and neuropathy in an in-patient neuro-rehabilitation unit of a UK university hospital. Data analysed included: Northwick Park Dependency Score (NPDS), Rehabilitation complexity Scale (RCS), Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure FIM-FAM (UK version 2.2), LOS and ACB. Outcome was different in RCS, NPDS and FIM-FAM between admission and discharge.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: A positive change was reported in ACB results in a positive change in NPDS, with no significant effect on FIM-FAM, either Motor or Cognitive, or on the RCS. Change in ACB correlated to the length of hospital stay (regression correlation = -6.64; SE = 3.89). There was a significant harmful impact of increase in ACB score during hospital stay, from low to high ACB on NPDS (OR = 9.65; 95% CI = 1.36-68.64) and FIM-FAM Total scores (OR = 0.03; 95% CI = 0.002-0.35).
CONCLUSIONS: There was a statistically significant correlation of ACB and neuro-disability measures and LOS amongst this patient cohort.
- rehabilitation unit
- length of stay
- adverse effect
- spinal cord
- traumatic brain injury