Does poor ovarian response to gonadotrophins predict early menopause? A retrospective cohort study with minimum of 10-year follow-up

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Abstract

One in 10 women reach menopause before they are 45 years of age, and 1 in 100 before 40. In most cases, poor ovarian response to gonadotrophins is a result of poor ovarian reserve. An early menopause is associated with long-term health risks. Identifying women at risk may allow appropriate measures to be instigated early. Women aged <40 years treated in the Aberdeen Fertility Centre between 1998 and 2002 were identified. Those with poor response to an age appropriate dose of gonadotrophins (obtaining ≤3 eggs or had cycle cancelled) after exclusion of hypothalamic insufficiency, or whose cycle was cancelled due to poor response were age matched with good responders (6-15 eggs). In this retrospective cohort study, women who have had IVF at least 10 years ago (157 poor responders and 314 good responders) were sent a postal questionnaire to determine age at menopause. A total of 219 women (64 poor responders, 155 good responders) returned their questionnaires. Poor responders were more likely to have premature menopause (3% vs. 0%; p = .024). A higher proportion of poor responders experienced early menopause (11% vs. 3%; p = .044). Despite being the first study with a 10-year follow-up, this study is limited to one centre and has a small number of women reaching premature menopause. Poor response to gonadotrophins in the context of IVF treatment is a marker of reduced ovarian reserve and is associated with early menopause. Results of this study underline the need for larger studies with long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-219
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Fertility
Volume19
Issue number3
Early online date23 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • ovarian reserve
  • early menopause
  • IVF
  • oocytes
  • poor response

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