Does The Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis Hold For Nigeria And Ghana?

Nelson C. Nkalu, Richardson Kojo Edeme, Emmanuel O Nwosu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study is undertaken to verify if the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis (REH) hold for Nigeria and Ghana using annual time-series data of both developing countries covering from 1970 to 2013; and taking previous empirical studies as its point of reference and departure. The broad objective of the study is dissected into the following specific objectives of the study as thus: to examine the effects of budget deficits on interest rates, inflation, and economic growth in Nigeria and Ghana within the methodological framework of Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) model and Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS). The study employs Eagle-Granger Cointegration test, Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) tests in estimating the systems equations. Data sourced from World Bank, IMF - World Economic Outlook, Central Bank of Nigeria, Bank of Ghana and others, were analyzed using SUR model with several diagnostic and specification tests to examine the objectives of the study. From the perspective of this study, the empirical findings demonstrated that the Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis (REH) hold for Nigeria and Ghana thereby validating the proposition of the Ricardian School in both developing nations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-181
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Scientific Research
Volume138
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Budget Deficit
  • Ricardian Equivalence Hypothesis (REH)
  • Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR)
  • Nigeria and Ghana JEL Classification

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