Doing is learning: analysis of an unsuccessful attempt to adapt TEK/IK methodology to Norwegian Sami circumstances

Gro B. Ween, Jan Age Riseth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article describes a case where an attempt was made to introduce TEK/IK into a conflict between Sámi reindeer owners and environmental institutions. The conflict was brought on by the establishment of a national park in Southern Sámi areas in Norway. At first, the Sámi were in favour of the park, but later on their attitudes changed as the content of planned national park developed. The reindeer owners discovered that the size of the park would be reduced, leaving out what they thought were significant areas in need of protection. They saw the encouragement of increased tourism activities as a threat to reindeer herding and felt alienated by the number of representatives they received in the park management structures. On the basis of these observations reindeer owners protested, but were ignored. As researchers well-established in the Southern Sámi area, we were brought into conversations regarding the park as the local reindeer owners searched for ways of bringing new arguments into the process. At this point we thought TEK/IK represented an opportunity to add weight to Sámi perspectives. As the title of this article indicates, as push came to shove we did not succeed in making room for local participation in our TEK/IK project, despite these existing on-going relations. The article attempts to understand what happened. Our analysis is based upon a perception of TEK/IK as not one, but at least two co-constituted knowledge practices. The premise is that research failures are as important to publish as successes. Our joint ethnographic experience has methodological implications for future TEK/IK research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-242
Number of pages15
JournalActa Borealia
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2011

Fingerprint

methodology
national park
learning
Norway
conversation
Tourism
threat
participation
Methodology
Reindeer
management
experience
National Parks
Participation
Herding
Ethnographic
Threat

Keywords

  • local knowledge
  • methodology
  • symmetrical approaches

Cite this

Doing is learning : analysis of an unsuccessful attempt to adapt TEK/IK methodology to Norwegian Sami circumstances. / Ween, Gro B.; Riseth, Jan Age.

In: Acta Borealia, Vol. 28, No. 2, 28.11.2011, p. 228-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2444baf8c36a497fb0c9f4302fea17ae,
title = "Doing is learning: analysis of an unsuccessful attempt to adapt TEK/IK methodology to Norwegian Sami circumstances",
abstract = "This article describes a case where an attempt was made to introduce TEK/IK into a conflict between S{\'a}mi reindeer owners and environmental institutions. The conflict was brought on by the establishment of a national park in Southern S{\'a}mi areas in Norway. At first, the S{\'a}mi were in favour of the park, but later on their attitudes changed as the content of planned national park developed. The reindeer owners discovered that the size of the park would be reduced, leaving out what they thought were significant areas in need of protection. They saw the encouragement of increased tourism activities as a threat to reindeer herding and felt alienated by the number of representatives they received in the park management structures. On the basis of these observations reindeer owners protested, but were ignored. As researchers well-established in the Southern S{\'a}mi area, we were brought into conversations regarding the park as the local reindeer owners searched for ways of bringing new arguments into the process. At this point we thought TEK/IK represented an opportunity to add weight to S{\'a}mi perspectives. As the title of this article indicates, as push came to shove we did not succeed in making room for local participation in our TEK/IK project, despite these existing on-going relations. The article attempts to understand what happened. Our analysis is based upon a perception of TEK/IK as not one, but at least two co-constituted knowledge practices. The premise is that research failures are as important to publish as successes. Our joint ethnographic experience has methodological implications for future TEK/IK research.",
keywords = "local knowledge, methodology, symmetrical approaches",
author = "Ween, {Gro B.} and Riseth, {Jan Age}",
year = "2011",
month = "11",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1080/08003831.2011.626944",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "228--242",
journal = "Acta Borealia",
issn = "0800-3831",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Doing is learning

T2 - analysis of an unsuccessful attempt to adapt TEK/IK methodology to Norwegian Sami circumstances

AU - Ween, Gro B.

AU - Riseth, Jan Age

PY - 2011/11/28

Y1 - 2011/11/28

N2 - This article describes a case where an attempt was made to introduce TEK/IK into a conflict between Sámi reindeer owners and environmental institutions. The conflict was brought on by the establishment of a national park in Southern Sámi areas in Norway. At first, the Sámi were in favour of the park, but later on their attitudes changed as the content of planned national park developed. The reindeer owners discovered that the size of the park would be reduced, leaving out what they thought were significant areas in need of protection. They saw the encouragement of increased tourism activities as a threat to reindeer herding and felt alienated by the number of representatives they received in the park management structures. On the basis of these observations reindeer owners protested, but were ignored. As researchers well-established in the Southern Sámi area, we were brought into conversations regarding the park as the local reindeer owners searched for ways of bringing new arguments into the process. At this point we thought TEK/IK represented an opportunity to add weight to Sámi perspectives. As the title of this article indicates, as push came to shove we did not succeed in making room for local participation in our TEK/IK project, despite these existing on-going relations. The article attempts to understand what happened. Our analysis is based upon a perception of TEK/IK as not one, but at least two co-constituted knowledge practices. The premise is that research failures are as important to publish as successes. Our joint ethnographic experience has methodological implications for future TEK/IK research.

AB - This article describes a case where an attempt was made to introduce TEK/IK into a conflict between Sámi reindeer owners and environmental institutions. The conflict was brought on by the establishment of a national park in Southern Sámi areas in Norway. At first, the Sámi were in favour of the park, but later on their attitudes changed as the content of planned national park developed. The reindeer owners discovered that the size of the park would be reduced, leaving out what they thought were significant areas in need of protection. They saw the encouragement of increased tourism activities as a threat to reindeer herding and felt alienated by the number of representatives they received in the park management structures. On the basis of these observations reindeer owners protested, but were ignored. As researchers well-established in the Southern Sámi area, we were brought into conversations regarding the park as the local reindeer owners searched for ways of bringing new arguments into the process. At this point we thought TEK/IK represented an opportunity to add weight to Sámi perspectives. As the title of this article indicates, as push came to shove we did not succeed in making room for local participation in our TEK/IK project, despite these existing on-going relations. The article attempts to understand what happened. Our analysis is based upon a perception of TEK/IK as not one, but at least two co-constituted knowledge practices. The premise is that research failures are as important to publish as successes. Our joint ethnographic experience has methodological implications for future TEK/IK research.

KW - local knowledge

KW - methodology

KW - symmetrical approaches

U2 - 10.1080/08003831.2011.626944

DO - 10.1080/08003831.2011.626944

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 228

EP - 242

JO - Acta Borealia

JF - Acta Borealia

SN - 0800-3831

IS - 2

ER -