Doping mechanism and permittivity correlations in Nd-doped BaTiO3

N Hirose, J M S Skakle, A R West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BaTiO3 forms an extensive range of solid solutions with Nd2O3 by means of the double substitution mechanism: Ba + Ti double right arrow 2Nd, as shown by both a phase diagram study and Rietveld refinement using powder neutron diffraction data. The solid solutions have the general formula Ba1-xTi1-xNd2xO3:O less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.12 at 1300 degrees C and 0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.14 at 1400 degrees C. With increasing x, the symmetry changes from tetragonal to cubic at x similar to 0.09. The sharp permittivity maximum at similar to 127 degrees C in stoichiometric BaTiO3 broadens very rapidly with increasing x and gradually moves to lower temperatures: this appears to be because, with substitution of Nd onto Ti sites, formation of the ferroelectric domains is increasingly difficult because of the presence of dipole-inactive Nd3+ ions on the Ti sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalJOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS
Volume3
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • barium titanate
  • permittivity
  • phase diagram
  • BARIUM-TITANATE
  • PHASE-TRANSITIONS
  • CERAMICS

Cite this

Doping mechanism and permittivity correlations in Nd-doped BaTiO3. / Hirose, N ; Skakle, J M S ; West, A R .

In: JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS, Vol. 3, 1999, p. 233-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hirose, N

AU - Skakle, J M S

AU - West, A R

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N2 - BaTiO3 forms an extensive range of solid solutions with Nd2O3 by means of the double substitution mechanism: Ba + Ti double right arrow 2Nd, as shown by both a phase diagram study and Rietveld refinement using powder neutron diffraction data. The solid solutions have the general formula Ba1-xTi1-xNd2xO3:O less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.12 at 1300 degrees C and 0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.14 at 1400 degrees C. With increasing x, the symmetry changes from tetragonal to cubic at x similar to 0.09. The sharp permittivity maximum at similar to 127 degrees C in stoichiometric BaTiO3 broadens very rapidly with increasing x and gradually moves to lower temperatures: this appears to be because, with substitution of Nd onto Ti sites, formation of the ferroelectric domains is increasingly difficult because of the presence of dipole-inactive Nd3+ ions on the Ti sites.

AB - BaTiO3 forms an extensive range of solid solutions with Nd2O3 by means of the double substitution mechanism: Ba + Ti double right arrow 2Nd, as shown by both a phase diagram study and Rietveld refinement using powder neutron diffraction data. The solid solutions have the general formula Ba1-xTi1-xNd2xO3:O less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.12 at 1300 degrees C and 0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.14 at 1400 degrees C. With increasing x, the symmetry changes from tetragonal to cubic at x similar to 0.09. The sharp permittivity maximum at similar to 127 degrees C in stoichiometric BaTiO3 broadens very rapidly with increasing x and gradually moves to lower temperatures: this appears to be because, with substitution of Nd onto Ti sites, formation of the ferroelectric domains is increasingly difficult because of the presence of dipole-inactive Nd3+ ions on the Ti sites.

KW - barium titanate

KW - permittivity

KW - phase diagram

KW - BARIUM-TITANATE

KW - PHASE-TRANSITIONS

KW - CERAMICS

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JO - JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS

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