Droplet impingement and anisotropic wetting on chemically heterogeneous stripe-patterned surfaces is simulated by means of many-body dissipative particle dynamics (MDPD). The ratio of the stripe width and initial droplet diameter, defined as β, ranges from 0.5 to 1.0 so that the wetting process is in the Beyond-Cassie-Baxter regime and is highly anisotropic. At zero Weber number (that is, without considering droplet inertia) and with superhydrophobic stripes, β is the only factor affecting the droplet perpendicular contact angle and aspect ratio. For inertial droplets, β and the Weber number are found to have an effect on the eventual droplet morphology on multi-striped surfaces. These morphologies include elongated shape, split-off, and “butterfly” shape. A correlation for critical split-off conditions has been determined. An energy analysis of droplet impingement shows that the normalized surface energy of the droplet is independent of the Weber number if the droplet is elongated or butterfly-shaped.
- Anisotropic wetting
- droplet impingement
- many-body dissipative particle dynamics
- droplet evolution
- surface energy
- anisotropic wetting
Yi, G., Cai, Z., Gao, Z., Jiang, Z., Huang, X., & Derksen, J. J. (2020). Droplet impingement and wetting behavior on a chemically heterogeneous surface in the Beyond-Cassie-Baxter regime. AIChE Journal, 66(8), [e16263]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.16263