Dynamic cyclic performance of phenol-formaldehyde resin derived carbons for pre-combustion CO2 capture: An experimental study

S. Garcia, C. F. Martin, J. J. Pis, F. Rubiera, C. Pevida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study focuses on how different regeneration conditions affect the performance of two phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons for CO2 capture from a high pressure CO2/H2 gas stream, i.e., pre-combustion capture. Experimental work was conducted in a laboratory fixed-bed reactor where CO2 adsorption was performed at high pressure (15 bar) and 45 °C, and CO2 desorption was accomplished by reducing the pressure of the system to atmospheric (PSA process), or by coupling the pressure decrease with a rise in temperature (PTSA process). A commercial activated carbon (Calgon BPL) was used as a reference material for the separation process.

Desorption under atmospheric pressure and heating favoured the CO2 capture rate, extract (CO2) purity and working capacity of all the adsorbents when compared to desorption under atmospheric pressure alone. However, a higher desorption temperature in the pressure and temperature swing process (150° versus 80 °C), although it enhanced the capture rate and working capacity, it did not favour the product purity or it even penalised it. The phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons proved to perform equal or better than the reference commercial one under almost all the different regeneration conditions studied.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberGHGT-11
Pages (from-to)127-133
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume37
Early online date5 Aug 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Formaldehyde
Phenols
Resins
Desorption
Carbon
Activated carbon
Atmospheric pressure
Temperature
Adsorbents
Heating
Adsorption
Gases

Keywords

  • CO2/H2 separation
  • Activated carbon
  • Phenol-formaldehyde resin
  • PSA
  • PTSA
  • Sorbent performance

Cite this

Dynamic cyclic performance of phenol-formaldehyde resin derived carbons for pre-combustion CO2 capture : An experimental study. / Garcia, S.; F. Martin, C.; Pis, J. J.; Rubiera, F.; Pevida, C.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 37, GHGT-11, 2013, p. 127-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{40601192ee5e41989e5c08b8b6fc6d55,
title = "Dynamic cyclic performance of phenol-formaldehyde resin derived carbons for pre-combustion CO2 capture: An experimental study",
abstract = "This study focuses on how different regeneration conditions affect the performance of two phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons for CO2 capture from a high pressure CO2/H2 gas stream, i.e., pre-combustion capture. Experimental work was conducted in a laboratory fixed-bed reactor where CO2 adsorption was performed at high pressure (15 bar) and 45 °C, and CO2 desorption was accomplished by reducing the pressure of the system to atmospheric (PSA process), or by coupling the pressure decrease with a rise in temperature (PTSA process). A commercial activated carbon (Calgon BPL) was used as a reference material for the separation process.Desorption under atmospheric pressure and heating favoured the CO2 capture rate, extract (CO2) purity and working capacity of all the adsorbents when compared to desorption under atmospheric pressure alone. However, a higher desorption temperature in the pressure and temperature swing process (150° versus 80 °C), although it enhanced the capture rate and working capacity, it did not favour the product purity or it even penalised it. The phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons proved to perform equal or better than the reference commercial one under almost all the different regeneration conditions studied.",
keywords = "CO2/H2 separation, Activated carbon, Phenol-formaldehyde resin, PSA, PTSA, Sorbent performance",
author = "S. Garcia and {F. Martin}, C. and Pis, {J. J.} and F. Rubiera and C. Pevida",
note = "Acknowledgments This work was carried out with financial support from the Spanish MINECO (Project ENE2011-23467), co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.egypro.2013.05.093",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "127--133",
journal = "Energy Procedia",
issn = "1876-6102",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic cyclic performance of phenol-formaldehyde resin derived carbons for pre-combustion CO2 capture

T2 - An experimental study

AU - Garcia, S.

AU - F. Martin, C.

AU - Pis, J. J.

AU - Rubiera, F.

AU - Pevida, C.

N1 - Acknowledgments This work was carried out with financial support from the Spanish MINECO (Project ENE2011-23467), co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This study focuses on how different regeneration conditions affect the performance of two phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons for CO2 capture from a high pressure CO2/H2 gas stream, i.e., pre-combustion capture. Experimental work was conducted in a laboratory fixed-bed reactor where CO2 adsorption was performed at high pressure (15 bar) and 45 °C, and CO2 desorption was accomplished by reducing the pressure of the system to atmospheric (PSA process), or by coupling the pressure decrease with a rise in temperature (PTSA process). A commercial activated carbon (Calgon BPL) was used as a reference material for the separation process.Desorption under atmospheric pressure and heating favoured the CO2 capture rate, extract (CO2) purity and working capacity of all the adsorbents when compared to desorption under atmospheric pressure alone. However, a higher desorption temperature in the pressure and temperature swing process (150° versus 80 °C), although it enhanced the capture rate and working capacity, it did not favour the product purity or it even penalised it. The phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons proved to perform equal or better than the reference commercial one under almost all the different regeneration conditions studied.

AB - This study focuses on how different regeneration conditions affect the performance of two phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons for CO2 capture from a high pressure CO2/H2 gas stream, i.e., pre-combustion capture. Experimental work was conducted in a laboratory fixed-bed reactor where CO2 adsorption was performed at high pressure (15 bar) and 45 °C, and CO2 desorption was accomplished by reducing the pressure of the system to atmospheric (PSA process), or by coupling the pressure decrease with a rise in temperature (PTSA process). A commercial activated carbon (Calgon BPL) was used as a reference material for the separation process.Desorption under atmospheric pressure and heating favoured the CO2 capture rate, extract (CO2) purity and working capacity of all the adsorbents when compared to desorption under atmospheric pressure alone. However, a higher desorption temperature in the pressure and temperature swing process (150° versus 80 °C), although it enhanced the capture rate and working capacity, it did not favour the product purity or it even penalised it. The phenol-formaldehyde resin-derived activated carbons proved to perform equal or better than the reference commercial one under almost all the different regeneration conditions studied.

KW - CO2/H2 separation

KW - Activated carbon

KW - Phenol-formaldehyde resin

KW - PSA

KW - PTSA

KW - Sorbent performance

U2 - 10.1016/j.egypro.2013.05.093

DO - 10.1016/j.egypro.2013.05.093

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 127

EP - 133

JO - Energy Procedia

JF - Energy Procedia

SN - 1876-6102

M1 - GHGT-11

ER -