In the present study, the subgrid-scale (SGS) eddy-viscosity model developed by Vreman [Phys. Fluids 16 (2004) 3670] and its dynamic version [Phys. Fluids 19 (2007) 065110] are tested in large-eddy simulations (LES) of the inhomogeneous turbulent flow in a full passage of Francis turbine. Distributions of pressure, velocity and vortices as well as some flow structure are gained, which is helpful to examine the performance of SGS model for complex turbulent flow and understand the flow characters in full passage of Francis turbine.
Wang, W. Q., Hao, DW., Zhang, LX., & Guo, Y. (2012). Dynamic global Vreman model for large eddy simulation of inhomogeneous turbulent flow in a full passage of Francis turbine. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 15). IOP Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/15/6/062007