Early Neolithic pig domestication at Jiahu, Henan Province, China: clues from molar shape analyses using geometric morphometric approaches

T. Cucchi, A. Hulme-Beaman, J. Yuan, Keith Dobney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The zooarchaeology of pig domestication in China is a challenging task due to its wild boar ancestors being widespread throughout Eurasia. However using geometric morphometric approaches on molar tooth (M2), shape and size variations, from modern and Neolithic suids, using Yangshao pigs as a surrogate for the Neolithic domestic form, we have addressed the identification of morphological change during the early step of domestication in three early Neolithic sites where claims of pig domestication have been made. Phenetic relationships here have revealed clear and interpretable phenotypic signatures in the samples of modern and Neolithic pigs; which provide evidence for pig domestication at the site of Jiahu from at least 6600 BC cal., re-establishing the Yellow River region as one of the earliest centre of independent Chinese pig domestication.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-22
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume38
Issue number1
Early online date6 Aug 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Domestication
  • Zooarchaeology
  • Sus scrofa
  • Geometric morphometrics
  • Morphology
  • Teeth
  • Sliding semilandmarks
  • Stable isotopic analysis
  • 7th millenium BC
  • Northeast China
  • Cultivated rice
  • Ancient DNA
  • East
  • Site
  • Agriculture
  • Evolution
  • Tooth

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