We report a general phenomenon concerning the effect of noise on phase synchronization in coupled chaotic oscillators: the average phase-synchronization time exhibits a nonmonotonic behavior with the noise amplitude. In particular, we find that the time exhibits a local minimum for relatively small noise amplitude but a local maximum for stronger noise. We provide numerical results, experimental evidence from coupled chaotic circuits, and a heuristic argument to establish the generality of this phenomenon. (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics.
- stochastic resonance