Effect of endurance training on lung function: a one-year study

Pascale Kippelen, C. Caillaud, E. Robert, P. Connes, P. Godard, C. Prefaut

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    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To identify in a follow up study airway changes occurring during the course of a sport season in healthy endurance athletes training in a Mediterranean region.

    Methods: Respiratory pattern and function were analysed in 13 healthy endurance trained athletes, either during a maximal exercise test, or at rest and during recovery through respiratory manoeuvres ( spirometry and closing volume tests). The exercise test was conducted on three different occasions: during basic endurance training and then during the precompetition and competitive periods.

    Results: During the competitive period, a slight but non-clinically significant decrease was found in forced vital capacity (23.5%, p = 0.0001) and an increase in slope of phase III (+ 25%, p = 0.0029), both at rest and after exercise. No concomitant reduction in expiratory flow rates was noticed. During maximal exercise there was a tachypnoeic shift over the course of the year ( mean (SEM) breathing frequency and tidal volume were respectively 50 ( 2) cycles/min and 3.13 (0.09) litres during basic endurance training v 55 ( 3) cycles/min and 2.98 (0.10) litres during the competitive period; p< 0.05).

    Conclusions: This study does not provide significant evidence of lung function impairment in healthy Mediterranean athletes after one year of endurance training.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)617-621
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
    Volume39
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2005

    Keywords

    • EXERCISE-INDUCED BRONCHOSPASM
    • CROSS-COUNTRY SKIERS
    • ASTHMA
    • PREVALENCE
    • PERFORMANCE
    • GAMES
    • ATOPY
    • AIR

    Cite this

    Kippelen, P., Caillaud, C., Robert, E., Connes, P., Godard, P., & Prefaut, C. (2005). Effect of endurance training on lung function: a one-year study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(9), 617-621. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.014464