Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the bacterial mechanosensitive channel MscS

A G Macdonald, B Martinac

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    Abstract

    We have investigated the effect of high hydrostatic pressure on MscS, the bacterial mechanosensitive channel of small conductance. Pressure affected channel kinetics but not conductance. At negative pipette voltages (corresponding to membrane depolarization in the inside-out patch configuration used in our experiments) the channel exhibited a reversible reduction in activity with increasing hydrostatic pressure between 0 and 900 atm (90 MPa) at 23 degrees C. The reduced activity was characterized by a significant reduction in the channel opening probability resulting from a shortening of the channel openings with increasing pressure. Thus high hydrostatic pressure generally favoured channel closing. Cooling the patch by approximately 10 degrees C, intended to order the bilayer component of the patch by an amount similar to that caused by 50 MPa at 23 degrees C, had relatively little effect. This implies that pressure does not affect channel kinetics via bilayer order. Accordingly we postulate that lateral compression of the bilayer, under high hydrostatic pressure, is responsible. These observations also have implications for our understanding of the adaptation of mechanosensitive channels in deep-sea bacteria.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)434-441
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Biophysics Journal: with Biophysics Letters
    Volume34
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • ion channels
    • mechanosensitivity
    • bacteria
    • patch clamp
    • hydrostatic pressure
    • ESCHERICHIA-COLI MSCS
    • ION CHANNELS
    • BIOLOGICAL-MEMBRANES
    • PATCH-CLAMP
    • CELLS
    • MECHANOTRANSDUCTION
    • TRANSDUCTION
    • ADAPTATION
    • LIPOSOMES
    • CURRENTS

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