### Abstract

In piecewise-smooth dynamical systems, situations can arise where the asymptotic attractors of the system in an open parameter interval are all chaotic (e.g., no periodic windows). This is the phenomenon of robust chaos. Previous works have established that robust chaos can occur through the mechanism of border-collision bifurcation, where border is the phase-space region where discontinuities in the derivatives of the dynamical equations occur. We investigate the effect of smoothing on robust chaos and find that periodic windows can arise when a small amount of smoothness is present. We introduce a parameter of smoothing and find that the measure of the periodic windows in the parameter space scales linearly with the parameter, regardless of the details of the smoothing function. Numerical support and a heuristic theory are provided to establish the scaling relation. Experimental evidence of periodic windows in a supposedly piecewise linear dynamical system, which has been implemented as an electronic circuit, is also provided.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 026209 |

Number of pages | 6 |

Journal | Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics |

Volume | 82 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 24 Aug 2010 |

### Cite this

*Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics*,

*82*(2), [026209]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.82.026209