Reducing Portland cement content in cementitious binders offers a means to address the adverse environmental impacts of Portland cement manufacture. This paper investigates the impacts on hydration product chemistry of partially replacing Portland cement with alkali-activated aluminosilicates. Here, short-term effects of soluble alkali and aluminium, likely to be available in an alkali-activated system, on the structure of synthetic C-S-H gels are assessed. C-S-H gels (synthesized at pH values of over 13) were mixed with different concentrations of aluminium nitrate and sodium hydroxide. The gels were characterized by FTIR, TEM/EDX and XRD 72 h later. The results showed that both alkali and aluminium increased the degree of silicate polymerisation in the C-S-H gels and precipitated a crystalline calcium aluminosilicate phase. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Calcium-Silicate-Hydrate (C-S-H)
- substitued tobermorites
- Portland cements
- activated slag