Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams.

V. Nikora, S. Larned, K. Debnath, G. Cooper, M. Reid, N. Nikora

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider effects of bed and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic resistance of small streams, and develop simple quantitative relationships for predicting and quantifying these effects using the normalized plant characteristics. We conducted two field studies to explore effects of submerged aquatic and bank-side vegetation on stream hydraulics. In the first study, we examined the effects of aquatic plant biomass, stature and architecture on hydraulic conditions in five small streams representing a range of channel dimensions, flows and aquatic plant assemblages. In the second field study, we created experimental floods in a small stream to examine the effects of submerged bank-side vegetation on hydraulic conditions. The results of the studies and the relationships presented in the paper may be used to provide initial estimates of resistance coefficients for hydraulic modelling, predicting effects of aquatic weed management and bank-side planting on flood levels, and designing naturalisation and enhancement projects for small streams.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRiver Flow 2006
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 September 2006
EditorsElsa C. T. L. Alves, António H. Cardoso, João G. A. B. Leal, Rui M. L. Ferreira
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Pages639-646
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781439833865
ISBN (Print)9780415408158, 0415408156
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • SUBMERGED FLEXIBLE VEGETATION
  • FLOW RESISTANCE

Cite this

Nikora, V., Larned, S., Debnath, K., Cooper, G., Reid, M., & Nikora, N. (2006). Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams. In E. C. T. L. Alves, A. H. Cardoso, J. G. A. B. Leal, & R. M. L. Ferreira (Eds.), River Flow 2006: Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 September 2006 (pp. 639-646). Taylor & Francis.

Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams. / Nikora, V.; Larned, S.; Debnath, K.; Cooper, G.; Reid, M.; Nikora, N.

River Flow 2006: Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 September 2006. ed. / Elsa C. T. L. Alves; António H. Cardoso; João G. A. B. Leal; Rui M. L. Ferreira. Taylor & Francis, 2006. p. 639-646.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Nikora, V, Larned, S, Debnath, K, Cooper, G, Reid, M & Nikora, N 2006, Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams. in ECTL Alves, AH Cardoso, JGAB Leal & RML Ferreira (eds), River Flow 2006: Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 September 2006. Taylor & Francis, pp. 639-646.
Nikora V, Larned S, Debnath K, Cooper G, Reid M, Nikora N. Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams. In Alves ECTL, Cardoso AH, Leal JGAB, Ferreira RML, editors, River Flow 2006: Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 September 2006. Taylor & Francis. 2006. p. 639-646
Nikora, V. ; Larned, S. ; Debnath, K. ; Cooper, G. ; Reid, M. ; Nikora, N. / Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams. River Flow 2006: Proceedings of the International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, Lisbon, Portugal, 6-8 September 2006. editor / Elsa C. T. L. Alves ; António H. Cardoso ; João G. A. B. Leal ; Rui M. L. Ferreira. Taylor & Francis, 2006. pp. 639-646
@inbook{260ca83a23ec428cb62b35c447e02b5b,
title = "Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams.",
abstract = "We consider effects of bed and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic resistance of small streams, and develop simple quantitative relationships for predicting and quantifying these effects using the normalized plant characteristics. We conducted two field studies to explore effects of submerged aquatic and bank-side vegetation on stream hydraulics. In the first study, we examined the effects of aquatic plant biomass, stature and architecture on hydraulic conditions in five small streams representing a range of channel dimensions, flows and aquatic plant assemblages. In the second field study, we created experimental floods in a small stream to examine the effects of submerged bank-side vegetation on hydraulic conditions. The results of the studies and the relationships presented in the paper may be used to provide initial estimates of resistance coefficients for hydraulic modelling, predicting effects of aquatic weed management and bank-side planting on flood levels, and designing naturalisation and enhancement projects for small streams.",
keywords = "SUBMERGED FLEXIBLE VEGETATION, FLOW RESISTANCE",
author = "V. Nikora and S. Larned and K. Debnath and G. Cooper and M. Reid and N. Nikora",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780415408158",
pages = "639--646",
editor = "Alves, {Elsa C. T. L.} and Cardoso, {Ant{\'o}nio H.} and Leal, {Jo{\~a}o G. A. B.} and Ferreira, {Rui M. L.}",
booktitle = "River Flow 2006",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Effects of aquatic and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic performance of small streams.

AU - Nikora, V.

AU - Larned, S.

AU - Debnath, K.

AU - Cooper, G.

AU - Reid, M.

AU - Nikora, N.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - We consider effects of bed and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic resistance of small streams, and develop simple quantitative relationships for predicting and quantifying these effects using the normalized plant characteristics. We conducted two field studies to explore effects of submerged aquatic and bank-side vegetation on stream hydraulics. In the first study, we examined the effects of aquatic plant biomass, stature and architecture on hydraulic conditions in five small streams representing a range of channel dimensions, flows and aquatic plant assemblages. In the second field study, we created experimental floods in a small stream to examine the effects of submerged bank-side vegetation on hydraulic conditions. The results of the studies and the relationships presented in the paper may be used to provide initial estimates of resistance coefficients for hydraulic modelling, predicting effects of aquatic weed management and bank-side planting on flood levels, and designing naturalisation and enhancement projects for small streams.

AB - We consider effects of bed and bank-side vegetation on hydraulic resistance of small streams, and develop simple quantitative relationships for predicting and quantifying these effects using the normalized plant characteristics. We conducted two field studies to explore effects of submerged aquatic and bank-side vegetation on stream hydraulics. In the first study, we examined the effects of aquatic plant biomass, stature and architecture on hydraulic conditions in five small streams representing a range of channel dimensions, flows and aquatic plant assemblages. In the second field study, we created experimental floods in a small stream to examine the effects of submerged bank-side vegetation on hydraulic conditions. The results of the studies and the relationships presented in the paper may be used to provide initial estimates of resistance coefficients for hydraulic modelling, predicting effects of aquatic weed management and bank-side planting on flood levels, and designing naturalisation and enhancement projects for small streams.

KW - SUBMERGED FLEXIBLE VEGETATION

KW - FLOW RESISTANCE

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780415408158

SN - 0415408156

SP - 639

EP - 646

BT - River Flow 2006

A2 - Alves, Elsa C. T. L.

A2 - Cardoso, António H.

A2 - Leal, João G. A. B.

A2 - Ferreira, Rui M. L.

PB - Taylor & Francis

ER -