Effects of in vitro addition of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) on rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss leucocyte responses

B. Novoa* (Corresponding Author), A. Figueras, C. J. Secombes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) did not replicate in rainbow trout macrophages cultured in vitro, but a limited increase in vital titer was observed when total leucocytes were infected with the virus. Macrophages did not respond directly to IPNV, in that IPNV did not trigger the respiratory burst of these cells, even when the macrophages were previously stimulated. Supernatants were generated from leucocytes and macrophages exposed to the virus, using a variety of incubation periods and viral titers, to investigate whether virus stimulation induced the secretion of any immunomodulatory substances from these cells. No effect on macrophage responses was detected when these supernatants were added to new macrophage monolayers. However, IPNV produced a significant reduction of LPS-induced B cell proliferation, in a dose-dependent manner, indicative of at least one immunosuppressive effect induced by this virus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-376
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume51
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 1996

Keywords

  • IPNU
  • Leucocytes
  • Macrophages
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss

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