Effects of plateau pika activities on seasonal plant biomass and soil properties in the alpine meadow ecosystems of the Tibetan Plateau

Feida Sun*, Wenye Chen, Lin Liu, Wei Liu, Yimin Cai, Pete Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The foraging and burrowing activities of small mammalian herbivores may have either detrimental or beneficial effects on grassland ecosystems; the direction of the effect is determined by the species, population abundances and fluctuations. Twelve survey sites with active burrow of plateau pika were classified into four degrees of density: approximately zero-density, low-density, medium-density and high-density, to evaluate the impact of different pika densities on vegetation, plant biomass, soil organic carbon and nutrients in a whole growing season. We show that pika as a main supplement to livestock activities contributed to a decrease in the number of plant species, vegetation cover, plant height and seasonal mean biomass, while values at medium-density site except above-ground biomass were the lowest. With the exception of available potassium, soil organic carbon, nitrogen, total phosphorus and soil water content, zero-density areas were significantly higher than those of pika occupied areas. However, there were slight or no differences in vegetation characteristics and soil properties between medium-and high-density sites. Our study suggests pika activities with high-density made palatable forage less and soil carbon and nitrogen more than low-density, moreover, plateau pika had greater impacts on above-ground vegetation than on root system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalGrassland science
Volume61
Issue number4
Early online date6 Nov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Biomass allocation
  • integrated pests management (IPM)
  • roots:shoots (R:S)
  • soil organic carbon
  • soil organic carbon density
  • ZOKORS MYOSPALAX-FONTANIERII
  • OCHOTONA-CURZONIAE
  • PRAIRIE DOG
  • MAMMALIAN HERBIVORES
  • QINGHAI-TIBET
  • COMMUNITY
  • BIODIVERSITY
  • MANAGEMENT
  • ALLOCATION
  • GRASSLAND

Cite this

Effects of plateau pika activities on seasonal plant biomass and soil properties in the alpine meadow ecosystems of the Tibetan Plateau. / Sun, Feida; Chen, Wenye; Liu, Lin; Liu, Wei; Cai, Yimin; Smith, Pete.

In: Grassland science, Vol. 61, No. 4, 01.12.2015, p. 195-203.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The foraging and burrowing activities of small mammalian herbivores may have either detrimental or beneficial effects on grassland ecosystems; the direction of the effect is determined by the species, population abundances and fluctuations. Twelve survey sites with active burrow of plateau pika were classified into four degrees of density: approximately zero-density, low-density, medium-density and high-density, to evaluate the impact of different pika densities on vegetation, plant biomass, soil organic carbon and nutrients in a whole growing season. We show that pika as a main supplement to livestock activities contributed to a decrease in the number of plant species, vegetation cover, plant height and seasonal mean biomass, while values at medium-density site except above-ground biomass were the lowest. With the exception of available potassium, soil organic carbon, nitrogen, total phosphorus and soil water content, zero-density areas were significantly higher than those of pika occupied areas. However, there were slight or no differences in vegetation characteristics and soil properties between medium-and high-density sites. Our study suggests pika activities with high-density made palatable forage less and soil carbon and nitrogen more than low-density, moreover, plateau pika had greater impacts on above-ground vegetation than on root system.",
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note = "Acknowledgments We thank Yushou Ma and Xuemin Nie for their assistance throughout the project, particularly with fieldwork. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31100338), the Chunhui Program of Ministry of Education, China (Z2010091), the China Scholarship Council (CSC) Visiting Scholar Foundation and the Sichuan Agricultural University Fundamental Research Funds. PS is a Royal Society-Wolfson Merit Award holder.",
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AU - Sun, Feida

AU - Chen, Wenye

AU - Liu, Lin

AU - Liu, Wei

AU - Cai, Yimin

AU - Smith, Pete

N1 - Acknowledgments We thank Yushou Ma and Xuemin Nie for their assistance throughout the project, particularly with fieldwork. This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31100338), the Chunhui Program of Ministry of Education, China (Z2010091), the China Scholarship Council (CSC) Visiting Scholar Foundation and the Sichuan Agricultural University Fundamental Research Funds. PS is a Royal Society-Wolfson Merit Award holder.

PY - 2015/12/1

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N2 - The foraging and burrowing activities of small mammalian herbivores may have either detrimental or beneficial effects on grassland ecosystems; the direction of the effect is determined by the species, population abundances and fluctuations. Twelve survey sites with active burrow of plateau pika were classified into four degrees of density: approximately zero-density, low-density, medium-density and high-density, to evaluate the impact of different pika densities on vegetation, plant biomass, soil organic carbon and nutrients in a whole growing season. We show that pika as a main supplement to livestock activities contributed to a decrease in the number of plant species, vegetation cover, plant height and seasonal mean biomass, while values at medium-density site except above-ground biomass were the lowest. With the exception of available potassium, soil organic carbon, nitrogen, total phosphorus and soil water content, zero-density areas were significantly higher than those of pika occupied areas. However, there were slight or no differences in vegetation characteristics and soil properties between medium-and high-density sites. Our study suggests pika activities with high-density made palatable forage less and soil carbon and nitrogen more than low-density, moreover, plateau pika had greater impacts on above-ground vegetation than on root system.

AB - The foraging and burrowing activities of small mammalian herbivores may have either detrimental or beneficial effects on grassland ecosystems; the direction of the effect is determined by the species, population abundances and fluctuations. Twelve survey sites with active burrow of plateau pika were classified into four degrees of density: approximately zero-density, low-density, medium-density and high-density, to evaluate the impact of different pika densities on vegetation, plant biomass, soil organic carbon and nutrients in a whole growing season. We show that pika as a main supplement to livestock activities contributed to a decrease in the number of plant species, vegetation cover, plant height and seasonal mean biomass, while values at medium-density site except above-ground biomass were the lowest. With the exception of available potassium, soil organic carbon, nitrogen, total phosphorus and soil water content, zero-density areas were significantly higher than those of pika occupied areas. However, there were slight or no differences in vegetation characteristics and soil properties between medium-and high-density sites. Our study suggests pika activities with high-density made palatable forage less and soil carbon and nitrogen more than low-density, moreover, plateau pika had greater impacts on above-ground vegetation than on root system.

KW - Biomass allocation

KW - integrated pests management (IPM)

KW - roots:shoots (R:S)

KW - soil organic carbon

KW - soil organic carbon density

KW - ZOKORS MYOSPALAX-FONTANIERII

KW - OCHOTONA-CURZONIAE

KW - PRAIRIE DOG

KW - MAMMALIAN HERBIVORES

KW - QINGHAI-TIBET

KW - COMMUNITY

KW - BIODIVERSITY

KW - MANAGEMENT

KW - ALLOCATION

KW - GRASSLAND

U2 - 10.1111/grs.12101

DO - 10.1111/grs.12101

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 195

EP - 203

JO - Grassland science

JF - Grassland science

SN - 1744-6961

IS - 4

ER -