The results are presented from a laboratory and theoretical study to investigate the effects of sediment concentration and initial phosphorus loading on adsorption isotherm and capacity. The tested aquatic sediment was collected from the Chongqing reach of the Yangtze River. The adsorption isotherm of dissolved phosphate was approximated by the Langmuir equation. Using mass conservation and Langmuir adsorption kinetic equations, the authors derived formulas for calculating both the particulate and dissolved phosphate concentration. Kinetic experiments on fine sediment samples (< 0.008 mm) show that the adsorption process is time dependent and takes place in three stages, namely, an initial fast stage followed by a gradual adsorption, leading to the eventual equilibrium. The results indicate that larger initial phosphate loading causes longer duration, higher adsorption rate, and less adsorption percentages on both the first and second stages. The sediment concentration mainly influences the adsorption rate of the first stage, in which the adsorption rate significantly increases with the increasing sediment concentration.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2008|
- dissolved substances