Effects of sediment concentration and initial phosphorus loading on phosphate adsorption in the chongqing reach of the yangtze river

Jisheng Zhang, Yakun Guo, Pingyi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The results are presented from a laboratory and theoretical study to investigate the effects of sediment concentration and initial phosphorus loading on adsorption isotherm and capacity. The tested aquatic sediment was collected from the Chongqing reach of the Yangtze River. The adsorption isotherm of dissolved phosphate was approximated by the Langmuir equation. Using mass conservation and Langmuir adsorption kinetic equations, the authors derived formulas for calculating both the particulate and dissolved phosphate concentration. Kinetic experiments on fine sediment samples (< 0.008 mm) show that the adsorption process is time dependent and takes place in three stages, namely, an initial fast stage followed by a gradual adsorption, leading to the eventual equilibrium. The results indicate that larger initial phosphate loading causes longer duration, higher adsorption rate, and less adsorption percentages on both the first and second stages. The sediment concentration mainly influences the adsorption rate of the first stage, in which the adsorption rate significantly increases with the increasing sediment concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-589
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering
Volume134
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008

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Phosphorus
Sediments
Phosphates
Rivers
phosphate
phosphorus
adsorption
Adsorption
river
sediment
Adsorption isotherms
isotherm
Kinetics
effect
kinetics
Conservation
theoretical study
Experiments
rate

Keywords

  • dissolved substances
  • lakes
  • water
  • fractions
  • exchange
  • kinetics
  • model
  • mud
  • adsorption
  • phosphorus
  • sediment
  • concentration
  • experimentation
  • China
  • rivers

Cite this

Effects of sediment concentration and initial phosphorus loading on phosphate adsorption in the chongqing reach of the yangtze river. / Zhang, Jisheng; Guo, Yakun; Wang, Pingyi.

In: Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 134, No. 7, 01.07.2008, p. 585-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The results are presented from a laboratory and theoretical study to investigate the effects of sediment concentration and initial phosphorus loading on adsorption isotherm and capacity. The tested aquatic sediment was collected from the Chongqing reach of the Yangtze River. The adsorption isotherm of dissolved phosphate was approximated by the Langmuir equation. Using mass conservation and Langmuir adsorption kinetic equations, the authors derived formulas for calculating both the particulate and dissolved phosphate concentration. Kinetic experiments on fine sediment samples (< 0.008 mm) show that the adsorption process is time dependent and takes place in three stages, namely, an initial fast stage followed by a gradual adsorption, leading to the eventual equilibrium. The results indicate that larger initial phosphate loading causes longer duration, higher adsorption rate, and less adsorption percentages on both the first and second stages. The sediment concentration mainly influences the adsorption rate of the first stage, in which the adsorption rate significantly increases with the increasing sediment concentration.

AB - The results are presented from a laboratory and theoretical study to investigate the effects of sediment concentration and initial phosphorus loading on adsorption isotherm and capacity. The tested aquatic sediment was collected from the Chongqing reach of the Yangtze River. The adsorption isotherm of dissolved phosphate was approximated by the Langmuir equation. Using mass conservation and Langmuir adsorption kinetic equations, the authors derived formulas for calculating both the particulate and dissolved phosphate concentration. Kinetic experiments on fine sediment samples (< 0.008 mm) show that the adsorption process is time dependent and takes place in three stages, namely, an initial fast stage followed by a gradual adsorption, leading to the eventual equilibrium. The results indicate that larger initial phosphate loading causes longer duration, higher adsorption rate, and less adsorption percentages on both the first and second stages. The sediment concentration mainly influences the adsorption rate of the first stage, in which the adsorption rate significantly increases with the increasing sediment concentration.

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