Effects of water saturation on P-wave propagation in fractured coals: An experimental perspective

Jie Liu, Dameng Liu*, Yidong Cai, Quan Gan, Yanbin Yao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Internal structure of coalbed methane (CBM) reservoirs can be evaluated through ultrasonic measurements. The compressional wave that propagates in a fractured coal reservoir may indicate the internal coal structure and fluid characteristics. The P-wave propagation was proposed to study the relations between petrophysical parameters (including water saturation, fractures, porosity and permeability) of coals and the P-wave velocity (Vu), using a KON-NM-4A ultrasonic velocity meter. In this study, the relations between VPs and water saturations were established: Type I is mainly controlled by capillary of developed seepage pores. The controlling factors on Type II and Type III are internal homogeneity of pores/fractures and developed micro-fractures, respectively. Micro-fractures density linearly correlates with the V-p due to the fracture volume and dispersion of P-wave; and micro-fractures of types C and D have a priority in V-p. For dry coals, no clear relation exists between porosity, permeability and the V-p. However, as for water-saturated coals, the correlation coefficients of porosity, permeability and Vp are slightly improved. The V-p of saturated coals could be predicted with the equation of V-p-saturated = 1.4952V(p)-dry-26.742 m/s. The relation between petrophysical parameters of coals and Vp under various water saturations can be used to evaluate the internal structure in fractured coals. Therefore, these relations have significant implications for coalbed methane (CBM) exploration. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-103
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Volume144
Early online date8 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Water saturation
  • P-wave propagation
  • NMR
  • Fractured coals
  • RAY COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
  • PERMEABILITY EVOLUTION
  • MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES
  • SEISMIC ATTENUATION
  • BASIN COALS
  • VELOCITY
  • FLUID
  • SANDSTONE
  • ROCKS
  • IMPACT

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