Efficacy and tolerability of anti-immunoglobulin E therapy with omalizumab in patients with poorly controlled (moderate-to-severe) allergic asthma

Jonathan Geoffrey Ayres, B. Higgins, E. R. Chilvers, G. Ayre, M. Blogg, Helen Catherine Fox

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    Abstract

    Background: Patients with poorly controlled asthma have greater morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of omalizumab in patients with poorly controlled, moderate-to-severe allergic asthma.

    Methods: This was a randomized, open-label, multicentre, parallel-group study. A total of 312 patients (12-73 years) receiving greater than or equal to400 mug/day (adolescent) or greater than or equal to800 mug/day (adult) inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate, or equivalent were included. Patients received best standard care (BSC) with or without omalizumab [at least 0.016 mg/kg/IgE (IU/ml) every 4 weeks] for 12 months.

    results: The annualized mean number of asthma deterioration-related incidents was reduced from 9.76 with BSC alone (n = 106) to 4.92 per patient-year with omalizumab (n = 206) (P < 0.001). Mean clinically significant asthma exacerbation rates were 2.86 and 1.12 per patient-year, respectively (P < 0.001). Omalizumab-treated patients (41.4%) required rescue medication <1 day/week compared with 20.7% for BSC alone (P < 0.001). Omalizumab improved absolute forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) compared with BSC alone (2.48 and 2.28l, respectively; P < 0.05) and reduced symptom scores relative to BSC alone (decrease of 6.5 and 0.7 respectively; P < 0.001). Omalizumab was well-tolerated.

    Conclusions: Omalizumab administered as add-on therapy to BSC benefits patients with poorly controlled, moderate-to-severe allergic asthma.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)701-708
    Number of pages7
    JournalAllergy
    Volume59
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Keywords

    • asthma deterioration-related incidents
    • allergic asthma
    • anti-immunoglobulin E
    • exacerbations
    • omalizumab
    • ANTIBODY

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