Efficacy of caspofungin and voriconazole combinations in experimental aspergillosis

D M MacCallum, Julie A. Whyte, F C Odds

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Abstract

Guinea pigs were infected with Aspergillus fumigatus at two, challenge doses and treated for 7 days with a placebo, intraperitoneal caspofungin (I mg/kg daily), oral voriconazole (I mg/kg twice a day), or a combination of the caspofungin and voriconazole treatments. The combination therapy statistically significantly prolonged survival over that with the control at both challenge doses and achieved a statistically significant reduction in kidney burdens as measured by quantitative PCR. The same was true for animals given caspofungin alone at both levels of challenge and for animals treated with voriconazole alone at the lower challenge dose. However, the effects of combination therapy on prolongation of survival were greater than those of either monotherapy at both challenge doses, and the reduction in kidney burdens with combination therapy was significantly greater than that with caspofungin alone in the animals given the lower challenge dose. No synergistic interactive effects were seen for the two agents in checkerboard titration experiments in vitro. We conclude that therapy of experimental aspergillosis with caspofungin and voriconazole combined offers slight additional improvements in efficacy rather than effects of a clearly synergistic nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3697-3701
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • ECHINOCANDIN CASPOFUNGIN
  • INVASIVE ASPERGILLOSIS
  • ANTIFUNGAL AGENT
  • MURINE MODEL
  • GUINEA-PIG
  • FUMIGATUS
  • DISPOSITION
  • ACETATE
  • THERAPY
  • MK-0991

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