Electric field-directed cell motility involves up-regulated expression and asymmetric redistribution of the epidermal growth factor receptors and is enhanced by fibronectin and laminin

M Zhao, A Dick, J V Forrester, C D McCaig

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119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wounding corneal epithelium establishes a laterally oriented, DC electric field (EF). Corneal epithelial cells (CECs) cultured in similar physiological EFs migrate cathodally, but this requires serum growth factors. Migration depends also on the substrate. On fibronectin (FN) or laminin (LAM) substrates in EF, cells migrated faster and more directly cathodally. This also was serum dependent. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) restored cathodal-directed migration in serum-free medium. Therefore, the hypothesis that EGF is a serum constituent underlying both field-directed migration and enhanced migration on ECM molecules was tested. We: used immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy and report that 1) EF exposure up-regulated the EGF receptor (EGFR); so also did growing cells on substrates of FN or LAM; and 2) EGFRs and actin accumulated in the cathodal-directed half of CECs, within 10 min in EF. The cathodal asymmetry of EGFR and actin staining was correlated, being most marked at the cell-substrate interface and showing similar patterns of asymmetry at various levels through a cell. At the cell-substrate interface, EGFRs and actin frequently colocalized as interdigitated, punctate spots resembling tank tracks. Cathodal accumulation of EGFR and actin did not occur in the absence of serum but were restored by adding ligand to serum-free medium. inhibition of MAPK, one second messenger engaged by EGF, si,significantly reduced EF-directed cell migration. Transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor also restored cathodal-directed cell migration in serum-free medium. However, longer EF exposure was needed to show clear asymmetric distribution of the receptors for transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor. We propose that up-regulated expression and redistribution of EGFRs underlie cathodal-directed migration of CECs and directed migration induced by EF on FN and LAM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1259-1276
Number of pages18
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume10
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • CORNEAL EPITHELIAL-CELLS
  • ALTERNATIVELY SPLICED FIBRONECTIN
  • EGF RECEPTOR
  • PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY
  • HUMAN KERATINOCYTES
  • ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS
  • MIGRATION SPEED
  • INVITRO MODEL
  • TEAR FLUID
  • RABBIT

Cite this

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title = "Electric field-directed cell motility involves up-regulated expression and asymmetric redistribution of the epidermal growth factor receptors and is enhanced by fibronectin and laminin",
abstract = "Wounding corneal epithelium establishes a laterally oriented, DC electric field (EF). Corneal epithelial cells (CECs) cultured in similar physiological EFs migrate cathodally, but this requires serum growth factors. Migration depends also on the substrate. On fibronectin (FN) or laminin (LAM) substrates in EF, cells migrated faster and more directly cathodally. This also was serum dependent. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) restored cathodal-directed migration in serum-free medium. Therefore, the hypothesis that EGF is a serum constituent underlying both field-directed migration and enhanced migration on ECM molecules was tested. We: used immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy and report that 1) EF exposure up-regulated the EGF receptor (EGFR); so also did growing cells on substrates of FN or LAM; and 2) EGFRs and actin accumulated in the cathodal-directed half of CECs, within 10 min in EF. The cathodal asymmetry of EGFR and actin staining was correlated, being most marked at the cell-substrate interface and showing similar patterns of asymmetry at various levels through a cell. At the cell-substrate interface, EGFRs and actin frequently colocalized as interdigitated, punctate spots resembling tank tracks. Cathodal accumulation of EGFR and actin did not occur in the absence of serum but were restored by adding ligand to serum-free medium. inhibition of MAPK, one second messenger engaged by EGF, si,significantly reduced EF-directed cell migration. Transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor also restored cathodal-directed cell migration in serum-free medium. However, longer EF exposure was needed to show clear asymmetric distribution of the receptors for transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor. We propose that up-regulated expression and redistribution of EGFRs underlie cathodal-directed migration of CECs and directed migration induced by EF on FN and LAM.",
keywords = "CORNEAL EPITHELIAL-CELLS, ALTERNATIVELY SPLICED FIBRONECTIN, EGF RECEPTOR, PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY, HUMAN KERATINOCYTES, ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS, MIGRATION SPEED, INVITRO MODEL, TEAR FLUID, RABBIT",
author = "M Zhao and A Dick and Forrester, {J V} and McCaig, {C D}",
year = "1999",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "1259--1276",
journal = "Molecular Biology of the Cell",
issn = "1059-1524",
publisher = "American Society for Cell Biology",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electric field-directed cell motility involves up-regulated expression and asymmetric redistribution of the epidermal growth factor receptors and is enhanced by fibronectin and laminin

AU - Zhao, M

AU - Dick, A

AU - Forrester, J V

AU - McCaig, C D

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Wounding corneal epithelium establishes a laterally oriented, DC electric field (EF). Corneal epithelial cells (CECs) cultured in similar physiological EFs migrate cathodally, but this requires serum growth factors. Migration depends also on the substrate. On fibronectin (FN) or laminin (LAM) substrates in EF, cells migrated faster and more directly cathodally. This also was serum dependent. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) restored cathodal-directed migration in serum-free medium. Therefore, the hypothesis that EGF is a serum constituent underlying both field-directed migration and enhanced migration on ECM molecules was tested. We: used immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy and report that 1) EF exposure up-regulated the EGF receptor (EGFR); so also did growing cells on substrates of FN or LAM; and 2) EGFRs and actin accumulated in the cathodal-directed half of CECs, within 10 min in EF. The cathodal asymmetry of EGFR and actin staining was correlated, being most marked at the cell-substrate interface and showing similar patterns of asymmetry at various levels through a cell. At the cell-substrate interface, EGFRs and actin frequently colocalized as interdigitated, punctate spots resembling tank tracks. Cathodal accumulation of EGFR and actin did not occur in the absence of serum but were restored by adding ligand to serum-free medium. inhibition of MAPK, one second messenger engaged by EGF, si,significantly reduced EF-directed cell migration. Transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor also restored cathodal-directed cell migration in serum-free medium. However, longer EF exposure was needed to show clear asymmetric distribution of the receptors for transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor. We propose that up-regulated expression and redistribution of EGFRs underlie cathodal-directed migration of CECs and directed migration induced by EF on FN and LAM.

AB - Wounding corneal epithelium establishes a laterally oriented, DC electric field (EF). Corneal epithelial cells (CECs) cultured in similar physiological EFs migrate cathodally, but this requires serum growth factors. Migration depends also on the substrate. On fibronectin (FN) or laminin (LAM) substrates in EF, cells migrated faster and more directly cathodally. This also was serum dependent. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) restored cathodal-directed migration in serum-free medium. Therefore, the hypothesis that EGF is a serum constituent underlying both field-directed migration and enhanced migration on ECM molecules was tested. We: used immunofluorescence, flow cytometry, and confocal microscopy and report that 1) EF exposure up-regulated the EGF receptor (EGFR); so also did growing cells on substrates of FN or LAM; and 2) EGFRs and actin accumulated in the cathodal-directed half of CECs, within 10 min in EF. The cathodal asymmetry of EGFR and actin staining was correlated, being most marked at the cell-substrate interface and showing similar patterns of asymmetry at various levels through a cell. At the cell-substrate interface, EGFRs and actin frequently colocalized as interdigitated, punctate spots resembling tank tracks. Cathodal accumulation of EGFR and actin did not occur in the absence of serum but were restored by adding ligand to serum-free medium. inhibition of MAPK, one second messenger engaged by EGF, si,significantly reduced EF-directed cell migration. Transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor also restored cathodal-directed cell migration in serum-free medium. However, longer EF exposure was needed to show clear asymmetric distribution of the receptors for transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor. We propose that up-regulated expression and redistribution of EGFRs underlie cathodal-directed migration of CECs and directed migration induced by EF on FN and LAM.

KW - CORNEAL EPITHELIAL-CELLS

KW - ALTERNATIVELY SPLICED FIBRONECTIN

KW - EGF RECEPTOR

KW - PHOTOREFRACTIVE KERATECTOMY

KW - HUMAN KERATINOCYTES

KW - ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS

KW - MIGRATION SPEED

KW - INVITRO MODEL

KW - TEAR FLUID

KW - RABBIT

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 1259

EP - 1276

JO - Molecular Biology of the Cell

JF - Molecular Biology of the Cell

SN - 1059-1524

ER -