Electrolyte and salt disturbances in older people: Causes, management and implications

Roy L. Soiza, Graeme E. Hoyle, Melvin P W Chua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Salt and electrolyte disturbances are commonly encountered in older patients. A sound understanding of the underlying physiological and pathological mechanisms underpinning the predisposition of older people to the common electrolyte imbalances can help clinicians minimize their considerable associated morbidity and mortality. This review focuses on the more common and clinically relevant salt and electrolyte disorders of older people. The epidemiology, causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia, hypernatraemia, hyperkalaemia, hypokalaemia and calcium and phosphate imbalance in old age are covered from a clinician's perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-158
Number of pages16
JournalReviews in Clinical Gerontology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

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