Electrooptic Response of Chiral Nematic Liquid Crystals with Oblique Helicoidal Director

Jie Xiang*, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Corrie T. Imrie, Oleg D. Lavrentovich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrically induced reorientation of liquid crystals (LCs) is a fundamental phenomenon widely used in modern technologies. We observe experimentally an electrooptic effect in a cholesteric LC with a distinct oblique-helicoidal director deformation. The oblique helicoid, predicted in late 1960s, is made possible by recently developed dimer materials with an anomalously small bend elastic constant. Theoretical, numerical, and experimental analysis establishes that both the pitch and the cone angle of the oblique helicoid increase as the electric field decreases. At low fields, the oblique helicoid with the axis parallel to the field transforms into a right-angle helicoid (the ground state of field-free cholesteric) with the axis perpendicular to the field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number217801
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume111
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2014

Keywords

  • field

Cite this