Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden

Maja Krzewińska, Anna Kjellström*, Ylva Bäckström, Anne Ingvarsson, Natalija Kashuba, Ricardo Rodríguez Varela, Linus Girdland-Flink, Anders Götherström

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Sala Silver Mine in central Sweden was an important manufacturer of silver from at least the 16th till the early 20th century, with production peaking in the 16th, mid 17th and 19th centuries. The job opportunities offered by the mine attracted people to the area resulting in the development of a small township with an associated cemetery in the vicinity of the mining center. People affiliated to the mine were buried on the cemetery for around 150 years. Written sources reveal that common criminal convicts from Sweden-Finland and war prisoners from the numerous wars fought by Sweden during the time were exploited in the mine, and some of them were likely buried on the cemetery. The cemetery has been excavated on several occasions and the recovered human remains were divided into two different groups based on burial custom, demography and biochemical results. One group was believed to contain war prisoners; the aim of this study was to produce and interpret genomic data from these individuals to test if their genetic ancestry is consistent with the hypothesis that they were non-locals. Materials: Teeth from seven different individuals were sampled for dentine. Results: Three of the analyzed teeth contained sufficient amounts of endogenous human DNA for the generation of genomic sequence data to a coverage of 0.04, 0.19 and 0.83, respectively. Discussion: The results show that despite seeming heterogeneity the three individuals grouped within the range of genetic variation of modern and contemporary Swedes, yielding no statistical support to the hypothesis that they were foreign captives. However, due to the lack of contemporary or modern Danish genomic data we cannot refute these individuals originated in Denmark which was suggested as one of possible sources of the 17th century Swedish prisoners of war.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-657
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume19
Early online date13 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Fingerprint

miner
cemetery
Sweden
history
prisoner
Swede
prisoner of war
demography
Denmark
Finland
funeral
Group
coverage
Cemetery
History
Affinity
lack
Prisoners
Teeth

Keywords

  • Ancient DNA
  • Forced labor
  • Mobility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Krzewińska, M., Kjellström, A., Bäckström, Y., Ingvarsson, A., Kashuba, N., Rodríguez Varela, R., ... Götherström, A. (2018). Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 19, 651-657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.03.035

Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden. / Krzewińska, Maja; Kjellström, Anna; Bäckström, Ylva; Ingvarsson, Anne; Kashuba, Natalija; Rodríguez Varela, Ricardo; Girdland-Flink, Linus; Götherström, Anders.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Vol. 19, 06.2018, p. 651-657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krzewińska, M, Kjellström, A, Bäckström, Y, Ingvarsson, A, Kashuba, N, Rodríguez Varela, R, Girdland-Flink, L & Götherström, A 2018, 'Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden', Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 19, pp. 651-657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.03.035
Krzewińska M, Kjellström A, Bäckström Y, Ingvarsson A, Kashuba N, Rodríguez Varela R et al. Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2018 Jun;19:651-657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.03.035
Krzewińska, Maja ; Kjellström, Anna ; Bäckström, Ylva ; Ingvarsson, Anne ; Kashuba, Natalija ; Rodríguez Varela, Ricardo ; Girdland-Flink, Linus ; Götherström, Anders. / Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden. In: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 19. pp. 651-657.
@article{95361183c4ac494484b52e6a13438f5a,
title = "Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden",
abstract = "Objectives: Sala Silver Mine in central Sweden was an important manufacturer of silver from at least the 16th till the early 20th century, with production peaking in the 16th, mid 17th and 19th centuries. The job opportunities offered by the mine attracted people to the area resulting in the development of a small township with an associated cemetery in the vicinity of the mining center. People affiliated to the mine were buried on the cemetery for around 150 years. Written sources reveal that common criminal convicts from Sweden-Finland and war prisoners from the numerous wars fought by Sweden during the time were exploited in the mine, and some of them were likely buried on the cemetery. The cemetery has been excavated on several occasions and the recovered human remains were divided into two different groups based on burial custom, demography and biochemical results. One group was believed to contain war prisoners; the aim of this study was to produce and interpret genomic data from these individuals to test if their genetic ancestry is consistent with the hypothesis that they were non-locals. Materials: Teeth from seven different individuals were sampled for dentine. Results: Three of the analyzed teeth contained sufficient amounts of endogenous human DNA for the generation of genomic sequence data to a coverage of 0.04, 0.19 and 0.83, respectively. Discussion: The results show that despite seeming heterogeneity the three individuals grouped within the range of genetic variation of modern and contemporary Swedes, yielding no statistical support to the hypothesis that they were foreign captives. However, due to the lack of contemporary or modern Danish genomic data we cannot refute these individuals originated in Denmark which was suggested as one of possible sources of the 17th century Swedish prisoners of war.",
keywords = "Ancient DNA, Forced labor, Mobility",
author = "Maja Krzewińska and Anna Kjellstr{\"o}m and Ylva B{\"a}ckstr{\"o}m and Anne Ingvarsson and Natalija Kashuba and {Rodr{\'i}guez Varela}, Ricardo and Linus Girdland-Flink and Anders G{\"o}therstr{\"o}m",
note = "The authors wish to thank Federico S{\'a}nchez Quinto for valuable comments on the manuscript, Dilek Koptekin and G{\"u}lşah Merve Kılın{\cc} for help with data analyses as well as Uppsala University Museum, Gustavianum, curating for the human skeletal remains used in the study. The project was supported by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and Swedish Research Council (RJ_M13_0904:1 and VR_2013-4959). Sequencing was conducted at the Uppsala University SNP&SEQ Technology Platform while all computations were performed at UPPMAX resources (Uppsala Multidisciplinary Centre for Advanced Computational Science) under the projects: b2013240, b2015307 and b2016056. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to the anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions were invaluable. The newly generated genome data have been deposited at the European Nucleotide Archive with the accession numbers: ERS2359736-ERS2359738.",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.03.035",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "651--657",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports",
issn = "2352-409X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Elucidating recent history by tracing genetic affinity of three 16th century miners from Sweden

AU - Krzewińska, Maja

AU - Kjellström, Anna

AU - Bäckström, Ylva

AU - Ingvarsson, Anne

AU - Kashuba, Natalija

AU - Rodríguez Varela, Ricardo

AU - Girdland-Flink, Linus

AU - Götherström, Anders

N1 - The authors wish to thank Federico Sánchez Quinto for valuable comments on the manuscript, Dilek Koptekin and Gülşah Merve Kılınç for help with data analyses as well as Uppsala University Museum, Gustavianum, curating for the human skeletal remains used in the study. The project was supported by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and Swedish Research Council (RJ_M13_0904:1 and VR_2013-4959). Sequencing was conducted at the Uppsala University SNP&SEQ Technology Platform while all computations were performed at UPPMAX resources (Uppsala Multidisciplinary Centre for Advanced Computational Science) under the projects: b2013240, b2015307 and b2016056. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to the anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions were invaluable. The newly generated genome data have been deposited at the European Nucleotide Archive with the accession numbers: ERS2359736-ERS2359738.

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Objectives: Sala Silver Mine in central Sweden was an important manufacturer of silver from at least the 16th till the early 20th century, with production peaking in the 16th, mid 17th and 19th centuries. The job opportunities offered by the mine attracted people to the area resulting in the development of a small township with an associated cemetery in the vicinity of the mining center. People affiliated to the mine were buried on the cemetery for around 150 years. Written sources reveal that common criminal convicts from Sweden-Finland and war prisoners from the numerous wars fought by Sweden during the time were exploited in the mine, and some of them were likely buried on the cemetery. The cemetery has been excavated on several occasions and the recovered human remains were divided into two different groups based on burial custom, demography and biochemical results. One group was believed to contain war prisoners; the aim of this study was to produce and interpret genomic data from these individuals to test if their genetic ancestry is consistent with the hypothesis that they were non-locals. Materials: Teeth from seven different individuals were sampled for dentine. Results: Three of the analyzed teeth contained sufficient amounts of endogenous human DNA for the generation of genomic sequence data to a coverage of 0.04, 0.19 and 0.83, respectively. Discussion: The results show that despite seeming heterogeneity the three individuals grouped within the range of genetic variation of modern and contemporary Swedes, yielding no statistical support to the hypothesis that they were foreign captives. However, due to the lack of contemporary or modern Danish genomic data we cannot refute these individuals originated in Denmark which was suggested as one of possible sources of the 17th century Swedish prisoners of war.

AB - Objectives: Sala Silver Mine in central Sweden was an important manufacturer of silver from at least the 16th till the early 20th century, with production peaking in the 16th, mid 17th and 19th centuries. The job opportunities offered by the mine attracted people to the area resulting in the development of a small township with an associated cemetery in the vicinity of the mining center. People affiliated to the mine were buried on the cemetery for around 150 years. Written sources reveal that common criminal convicts from Sweden-Finland and war prisoners from the numerous wars fought by Sweden during the time were exploited in the mine, and some of them were likely buried on the cemetery. The cemetery has been excavated on several occasions and the recovered human remains were divided into two different groups based on burial custom, demography and biochemical results. One group was believed to contain war prisoners; the aim of this study was to produce and interpret genomic data from these individuals to test if their genetic ancestry is consistent with the hypothesis that they were non-locals. Materials: Teeth from seven different individuals were sampled for dentine. Results: Three of the analyzed teeth contained sufficient amounts of endogenous human DNA for the generation of genomic sequence data to a coverage of 0.04, 0.19 and 0.83, respectively. Discussion: The results show that despite seeming heterogeneity the three individuals grouped within the range of genetic variation of modern and contemporary Swedes, yielding no statistical support to the hypothesis that they were foreign captives. However, due to the lack of contemporary or modern Danish genomic data we cannot refute these individuals originated in Denmark which was suggested as one of possible sources of the 17th century Swedish prisoners of war.

KW - Ancient DNA

KW - Forced labor

KW - Mobility

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045296274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.03.035

DO - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.03.035

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85045296274

VL - 19

SP - 651

EP - 657

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

SN - 2352-409X

ER -