Strong nonlinear effects combined with diffusive coupling may give rise to unpredictable evolution in spatially extended deterministic dynamical systems even in the presence of a fully negative spectrum of Lyapunov exponents. This regime, denoted as 'stable chaos', has been so far mainly characterized by means of numerical studies. In this paper we investigate the mechanisms that are at the basis of this form of unpredictable evolution generated by a nonlinear information flow through the boundaries. In order to clarify how linear stability can coexist with nonlinear instability, we construct a suitable stochastic model. In the absence of spatial coupling, the model does not reveal the existence of any self-sustained chaotic phase. Nevertheless, already this simple regime reveals peculiar differences between the behaviour of finite-size and that of infinitesimal perturbations. A mean-field analysis of the spatially extended case provides a semi-quantitative description of the onset of irregular behaviour. Possible relations with directed percolation as a synchronization transition are also briefly discussed.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jan 2002|
- COUPLED MAP LATTICES
- COMPLEX INTERFACES
- LYAPUNOV EXPONENT