This paper argues that foundational conditions for research and innovation are of fundamental importance. It is a combination of the research needs, the processes of research, and the relationships generated, that give value to society. That value is created, transferred and experienced through the process of research. This model of social processes is widely applicable, and is true for the other disciplines as well as for the arts and humanities. To understand the value of something you also need to know about the relationships that led to that value. Those relationships, which are essential if innovation is to flourish, are encouraged by the open, public and porous nature of universities. James introduced the concept of citizenship as a way of encapsulating the processes, relationships, and the need for accountability in research. He argued that there is a danger in over-specifying measurements in the value of research as this could distract from the intrinsic processes involved. A critical, descriptive approach would support innovation more than a disengaged system of audit.
|Place of Publication||London, United Kingdom|
|Publisher||Arts & Humanities Research Council|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2010|