Energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive Brown Long-Eared Bats (Plecotus auritus) suggest females use compensation in lactation

J A Mclean, J R Speakman

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78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. The energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive female Brown Long-Eared Bats fed primarily on noctuid moths (approximate to 27.2 kJ g(-1)) were constructed and compared in flight enclosures in captivity.

2. The average dry food consumption of non-reproductive individuals was 1.8 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 48 kJ day(-1)). The average food consumption throughout days 10-35 of lactation was 2.0 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 53 kJ day(-1)). Lactating females obtained six times more energy from increased food consumption than from mobilization of fat stores, compared with non-reproductive bats.

3. Milk export, calculated using the difference in water turnover between lactating and non-reproductive bats (measured using H-2 turnover) averaged 2.6 ml bat(-1) day(-1) (22.9 kJ day(-1)). This was similar to the average milk intake of sucklings estimated from H-3 turnover (22.9 kJ day(-1)).

4. Energy available for respiration from food and mobilization of fat stores was 18.2 kJ day(-1) for lactating females compared with 36.8 kJ day(-1) for non-reproductive females. In comparison, respiratory daily energy expenditure (DEE) of lactating and non-reproductive bats, measured by doubly labelled water (DLW), was 21.3 kJ day(-1) and 23.6 kJ day(-1), respectively. Hence, there was a discrepancy between respiratory DEE (measured by DLW) and net available energy estimates for non-reproductive bats but not for lactating bats.

5. Respiratory DEE for lactating bats was equal to or less than that of non-reproductive females, suggesting they used compensatory mechanisms in their energy budgets in lactation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-372
Number of pages13
JournalFunctional Ecology
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • doubly labelled water
  • food intake
  • milk
  • reproduction
  • tritium
  • EPTESICUS-FUSCUS CHIROPTERA
  • SUSTAINED METABOLIC-RATE
  • DOUBLY LABELED WATER
  • MYOTIS-LUCIFUGUS
  • SIGMODON-HISPIDUS
  • FEEDING STRATEGIES
  • INSECTIVOROUS BATS
  • FORAGING BEHAVIOR
  • LASIURUS-CINEREUS
  • NORTHERN BORDERS

Cite this

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title = "Energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive Brown Long-Eared Bats (Plecotus auritus) suggest females use compensation in lactation",
abstract = "1. The energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive female Brown Long-Eared Bats fed primarily on noctuid moths (approximate to 27.2 kJ g(-1)) were constructed and compared in flight enclosures in captivity.2. The average dry food consumption of non-reproductive individuals was 1.8 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 48 kJ day(-1)). The average food consumption throughout days 10-35 of lactation was 2.0 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 53 kJ day(-1)). Lactating females obtained six times more energy from increased food consumption than from mobilization of fat stores, compared with non-reproductive bats.3. Milk export, calculated using the difference in water turnover between lactating and non-reproductive bats (measured using H-2 turnover) averaged 2.6 ml bat(-1) day(-1) (22.9 kJ day(-1)). This was similar to the average milk intake of sucklings estimated from H-3 turnover (22.9 kJ day(-1)).4. Energy available for respiration from food and mobilization of fat stores was 18.2 kJ day(-1) for lactating females compared with 36.8 kJ day(-1) for non-reproductive females. In comparison, respiratory daily energy expenditure (DEE) of lactating and non-reproductive bats, measured by doubly labelled water (DLW), was 21.3 kJ day(-1) and 23.6 kJ day(-1), respectively. Hence, there was a discrepancy between respiratory DEE (measured by DLW) and net available energy estimates for non-reproductive bats but not for lactating bats.5. Respiratory DEE for lactating bats was equal to or less than that of non-reproductive females, suggesting they used compensatory mechanisms in their energy budgets in lactation.",
keywords = "doubly labelled water, food intake, milk, reproduction, tritium, EPTESICUS-FUSCUS CHIROPTERA, SUSTAINED METABOLIC-RATE, DOUBLY LABELED WATER, MYOTIS-LUCIFUGUS, SIGMODON-HISPIDUS, FEEDING STRATEGIES, INSECTIVOROUS BATS, FORAGING BEHAVIOR, LASIURUS-CINEREUS, NORTHERN BORDERS",
author = "Mclean, {J A} and Speakman, {J R}",
year = "1999",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "360--372",
journal = "Functional Ecology",
issn = "0269-8463",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive Brown Long-Eared Bats (Plecotus auritus) suggest females use compensation in lactation

AU - Mclean, J A

AU - Speakman, J R

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - 1. The energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive female Brown Long-Eared Bats fed primarily on noctuid moths (approximate to 27.2 kJ g(-1)) were constructed and compared in flight enclosures in captivity.2. The average dry food consumption of non-reproductive individuals was 1.8 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 48 kJ day(-1)). The average food consumption throughout days 10-35 of lactation was 2.0 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 53 kJ day(-1)). Lactating females obtained six times more energy from increased food consumption than from mobilization of fat stores, compared with non-reproductive bats.3. Milk export, calculated using the difference in water turnover between lactating and non-reproductive bats (measured using H-2 turnover) averaged 2.6 ml bat(-1) day(-1) (22.9 kJ day(-1)). This was similar to the average milk intake of sucklings estimated from H-3 turnover (22.9 kJ day(-1)).4. Energy available for respiration from food and mobilization of fat stores was 18.2 kJ day(-1) for lactating females compared with 36.8 kJ day(-1) for non-reproductive females. In comparison, respiratory daily energy expenditure (DEE) of lactating and non-reproductive bats, measured by doubly labelled water (DLW), was 21.3 kJ day(-1) and 23.6 kJ day(-1), respectively. Hence, there was a discrepancy between respiratory DEE (measured by DLW) and net available energy estimates for non-reproductive bats but not for lactating bats.5. Respiratory DEE for lactating bats was equal to or less than that of non-reproductive females, suggesting they used compensatory mechanisms in their energy budgets in lactation.

AB - 1. The energy budgets of lactating and non-reproductive female Brown Long-Eared Bats fed primarily on noctuid moths (approximate to 27.2 kJ g(-1)) were constructed and compared in flight enclosures in captivity.2. The average dry food consumption of non-reproductive individuals was 1.8 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 48 kJ day(-1)). The average food consumption throughout days 10-35 of lactation was 2.0 g bat(-1) day(-1) (gross energy intake = 53 kJ day(-1)). Lactating females obtained six times more energy from increased food consumption than from mobilization of fat stores, compared with non-reproductive bats.3. Milk export, calculated using the difference in water turnover between lactating and non-reproductive bats (measured using H-2 turnover) averaged 2.6 ml bat(-1) day(-1) (22.9 kJ day(-1)). This was similar to the average milk intake of sucklings estimated from H-3 turnover (22.9 kJ day(-1)).4. Energy available for respiration from food and mobilization of fat stores was 18.2 kJ day(-1) for lactating females compared with 36.8 kJ day(-1) for non-reproductive females. In comparison, respiratory daily energy expenditure (DEE) of lactating and non-reproductive bats, measured by doubly labelled water (DLW), was 21.3 kJ day(-1) and 23.6 kJ day(-1), respectively. Hence, there was a discrepancy between respiratory DEE (measured by DLW) and net available energy estimates for non-reproductive bats but not for lactating bats.5. Respiratory DEE for lactating bats was equal to or less than that of non-reproductive females, suggesting they used compensatory mechanisms in their energy budgets in lactation.

KW - doubly labelled water

KW - food intake

KW - milk

KW - reproduction

KW - tritium

KW - EPTESICUS-FUSCUS CHIROPTERA

KW - SUSTAINED METABOLIC-RATE

KW - DOUBLY LABELED WATER

KW - MYOTIS-LUCIFUGUS

KW - SIGMODON-HISPIDUS

KW - FEEDING STRATEGIES

KW - INSECTIVOROUS BATS

KW - FORAGING BEHAVIOR

KW - LASIURUS-CINEREUS

KW - NORTHERN BORDERS

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 360

EP - 372

JO - Functional Ecology

JF - Functional Ecology

SN - 0269-8463

ER -