Enhancing the behaviour of broom-strands reinforced concrete using hose-clamps

Emmanuel Owoichoechi Momoh, Adelaja Israel Osofero*, Oleksandr Menshykov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Ever-increasing housing deficits, especially in developing countries, and concerns on environmental pollution have stimulated the use of indigenous environmentally friendly materials like oil palm broom fibres (OPBF) which is an abundant waste material from oil palm cultivation and processing activities. Research into the suitableness of OPBF as a reinforcement material for concrete is recent with OPBF being reported to surpass steel as regards strength-to-weight ratio. However, a relatively low bond strength between the fibres and concrete has also been reported. This study, therefore, explores the possible bond enhancement of OPBF strands in concrete matrix with the aid of hose-clamps attached to the OPBF strands. Tests carried out include tensile strength test of the OPBF strands, bond pull-out test of the OPBF strands from concrete, and flexural strength test of the OPBF reinforced concrete. Concrete samples with 28 days compressive strength of 30 MPa were cast with a mix proportion of 1:1.5:3 of cement, fine and coarse aggregate respectively. A total of 22 concrete samples comprising of 2 unreinforced, 2 steel reinforced beams and 6 OPBF reinforced concrete beams of 100x100x500 mm singly reinforced with OPBF strands in three categories, in terms of cross-sectional areas of 96 mm2, 192 mm2 and 288 mm2 and 12 bond pull-out samples were prepared. For each category of reinforcement, the strands were fitted with hose clamps spaced at either 45 mm or 85 mm to improve the bond strength between the concrete and the reinforcement. For bond pull-out strength, the 3 categories of OPBF strands with attached clamps were inserted in the freshly prepared concrete to an embedment length of 80 mm. Flexural tests on the concrete beams under 4-point loading and pull-out tests of strands from the concrete were carried out at 28 days of curing. An average tensile strength of 200 MPa was obtained for OPBF strands and results show improvements of over 35% and 500% in the bond and flexural strengths, respectively, due to increased slip resistance induced by the hose clamps. The developed hose-clamp enhanced palm fibre reinforced concrete can lead to a reduction in material costs as well as in the carbon footprint on the environment and can be used in lintel beams for low-cost residential housing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-580
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Issue numberPart 2
Early online date16 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022


  • Bond pull-out strength
  • Flexural strength
  • Natural fibre strands
  • Palm fibre
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Tensile strength


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