Epigenome-wide association study of global cortical volumes in Generation Scotland: Scottish Family Health Study

Miruna Carmen Barbu* (Corresponding Author), Mat Harris, Xueyi Shen, Stolicyn Aleks, Claire Green, Carmen Amador, Rosie Walker, Stewart Morris, Mark Adams, Anca Sandu, Christopher McNeil, Gordon Waiter, Kathryn Evans, Archie Campbell, Joanna Wardlaw, Douglas Steele, Alison Murray, David Porteous, Andrew McIntosh, Heather Whalley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A complex interplay of genetic and environmental risk factors influence global brain structural alterations associated with brain health and disease. Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of global brain imaging phenotypes have the potential to reveal the mechanisms of brain health and disease and can lead to better predictive analytics through the development of risk scores.

We perform an EWAS of global brain volumes in Generation Scotland using peripherally measured whole blood DNA methylation (DNAm) from two assessments, (i) at baseline recruitment, ~6 years prior to MRI assessment (N=672) and (ii) concurrent with MRI assessment (N=565). Four CpGs at baseline were associated with global cerebral white matter, total grey matter, and whole-brain volume (Bonferroni p≤7.41×10−8, βrange= -1.46x10-6 to 9.59x10-7). These CpGs were annotated to genes implicated in brain-related traits, including psychiatric disorders, development, and ageing. We did not find significant associations in the meta-analysis of the EWAS of the two sets concurrent with imaging at the corrected level.

These findings reveal global brain structural changes associated with DNAm measured ~6 years previously, indicating a potential role of early DNAm modifications in brain structure. Although concurrent DNAm was not associated with global brain structure, the nominally significant findings identified here present a rationale for future investigation of associations between DNA methylation and structural brain phenotypes in larger population-based samples.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEpigenetics
Early online date5 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • epigenome-wide association study
  • cortical volumes
  • Generation Scotland

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