Equalisation of alcohol participation among socioeconomic groups over time

an analysis based on the total differential approach and longitudinal data from Sweden

J.-B. Combes, U.-G. Gerdtham, J. Jarl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Health inequality and its social determinants are well-studied, but the determinants of inequality of alcohol consumption are less well-investigated. Methods. The total differential approach of decomposition of changes in the concentration index of the probability of participation in alcohol consumption was applied to 8-year longitudinal data for Swedish women aged 28-76 in 1988/89. Results. Alcohol consumption showed a pro-rich inequality, with income being a strong contributor. Overall participation remained fairly constant, but the inequality decreased over time as abstinence became less common among the poor and more common among the rich. This was mainly due to changes in the relative weights of certain population groups, such as a decrease in the proportional size of the oldest cohorts. Conclusions. Inequality in participation in alcohol consumption is pro-rich in Sweden. This inequality has tended to decrease over time, due to changes in population composition rather than to policy intervention.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalInternational Journal for Equity in Health
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2011

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Sweden
Alcohols
Alcohol Drinking
Population Groups
Weights and Measures
Health
Population

Cite this

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