Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales

Harminder Battu, Macdonald Mwale

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of ethnic enclaves on the employment probability of ethnic minorities living in England and Wales. Controlling for the endogeneity of residential location we find that living in a high own ethnic concentration area has no systematic effect across all ethnic groups. However, once we disaggregate we find that for some ethnic groups (Indians) enclaves seem to have a positive and significant impact on their employment probability while for other groups (Caribbeans and African-Asians), enclaves have a negative and significant impact. These results are non-trivial and are in accordance with a set of theoretical views in this literature that argue that ethnic spatial concentration can have positive as well as negative effects. The perceived disadvantages of ethnic enclaves are not omnipresent. What seem to be driving this are the differences in the quality of ethnic enclaves where Indian enclaves by being more dynamic in terms of self-employment create more jobs for others within the enclave.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCentre for European Labour Market Research
Number of pages38
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Publication series

NameUniversity of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series
No.02
Volume2004
ISSN (Print)0143-4543

Fingerprint

ethnic group
self-employment
national minority
Group
literature

Keywords

  • enclaves
  • employment
  • ethnic minorities

Cite this

Battu, H., & Mwale, M. (2004). Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales. (University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series; Vol. 2004, No. 02). Centre for European Labour Market Research.

Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales. / Battu, Harminder; Mwale, Macdonald .

Centre for European Labour Market Research, 2004. (University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series; Vol. 2004, No. 02).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Battu, H & Mwale, M 2004 'Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales' University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series, no. 02, vol. 2004, Centre for European Labour Market Research.
Battu H, Mwale M. Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales. Centre for European Labour Market Research. 2004 Feb. (University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series; 02).
Battu, Harminder ; Mwale, Macdonald . / Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales. Centre for European Labour Market Research, 2004. (University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series; 02).
@techreport{7d2e055886ec44d691e1a08ba544cab1,
title = "Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales",
abstract = "This paper examines the effects of ethnic enclaves on the employment probability of ethnic minorities living in England and Wales. Controlling for the endogeneity of residential location we find that living in a high own ethnic concentration area has no systematic effect across all ethnic groups. However, once we disaggregate we find that for some ethnic groups (Indians) enclaves seem to have a positive and significant impact on their employment probability while for other groups (Caribbeans and African-Asians), enclaves have a negative and significant impact. These results are non-trivial and are in accordance with a set of theoretical views in this literature that argue that ethnic spatial concentration can have positive as well as negative effects. The perceived disadvantages of ethnic enclaves are not omnipresent. What seem to be driving this are the differences in the quality of ethnic enclaves where Indian enclaves by being more dynamic in terms of self-employment create more jobs for others within the enclave.",
keywords = "enclaves, employment, ethnic minorities",
author = "Harminder Battu and Macdonald Mwale",
year = "2004",
month = "2",
language = "English",
series = "University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series",
publisher = "Centre for European Labour Market Research",
number = "02",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Centre for European Labour Market Research",

}

TY - UNPB

T1 - Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales

AU - Battu, Harminder

AU - Mwale, Macdonald

PY - 2004/2

Y1 - 2004/2

N2 - This paper examines the effects of ethnic enclaves on the employment probability of ethnic minorities living in England and Wales. Controlling for the endogeneity of residential location we find that living in a high own ethnic concentration area has no systematic effect across all ethnic groups. However, once we disaggregate we find that for some ethnic groups (Indians) enclaves seem to have a positive and significant impact on their employment probability while for other groups (Caribbeans and African-Asians), enclaves have a negative and significant impact. These results are non-trivial and are in accordance with a set of theoretical views in this literature that argue that ethnic spatial concentration can have positive as well as negative effects. The perceived disadvantages of ethnic enclaves are not omnipresent. What seem to be driving this are the differences in the quality of ethnic enclaves where Indian enclaves by being more dynamic in terms of self-employment create more jobs for others within the enclave.

AB - This paper examines the effects of ethnic enclaves on the employment probability of ethnic minorities living in England and Wales. Controlling for the endogeneity of residential location we find that living in a high own ethnic concentration area has no systematic effect across all ethnic groups. However, once we disaggregate we find that for some ethnic groups (Indians) enclaves seem to have a positive and significant impact on their employment probability while for other groups (Caribbeans and African-Asians), enclaves have a negative and significant impact. These results are non-trivial and are in accordance with a set of theoretical views in this literature that argue that ethnic spatial concentration can have positive as well as negative effects. The perceived disadvantages of ethnic enclaves are not omnipresent. What seem to be driving this are the differences in the quality of ethnic enclaves where Indian enclaves by being more dynamic in terms of self-employment create more jobs for others within the enclave.

KW - enclaves

KW - employment

KW - ethnic minorities

M3 - Discussion paper

T3 - University of Aberdeen Business School Working Paper Series

BT - Ethnic enclaves and employment in England and Wales

PB - Centre for European Labour Market Research

ER -