Evaluating petrophysical properties of volcano-sedimentary sequences

A case study in the Paraná-Etendeka Large Igneous Province

Lucas M. Rossetti* (Corresponding Author), David Healy, Malcolm J. Hole, John M. Millett, Evandro F. de Lima, Dougal A. Jerram, Marcos M.M. Rossetti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Paraná-Etendeka represents a major magmatic province associated with the rifting of West Gondwana and the formation of the South Atlantic Ocean. The area represents a direct analogue for similar aged volcanic rocks buried within hydrocarbon-rich basins offshore the South Atlantic margin. We present here a detailed integration of outcrop data with laboratory measurements of porosity, permeability, and ultrasonic acoustic velocities (P– and S-waves) for volcanic and interbedded sedimentary rocks of the Paraná-Etendeka Province in southern Brazil. The lava pile is formed of compound pahoehoe basaltic lavas at the base (Torres Formation) followed by thick tabular rubbly pahoehoe basaltic andesites (Vale do Sol Formation) and the upper stratigraphy is characterized by locally fed domes and extensive tabular acidic units. Sedimentary interbeds occur throughout the entire lava pile. For the volcanic rocks petrophysical properties have a cyclic variation controlled by the lava internal structure. Lava upper and lower crusts have relatively high porosity (>10%) and low acoustic velocities, whilst lava flow cores are characterized by porosities of less than 5% and velocities typically 0.5–1.0 kms−1 higher than lava crust facies. The highest porosities are found in the upper crust of both rubbly pahoehoe (c. 28.3%) and pahoehoe lavas (c. 26.6%) where vesicles account for most of the pore space. Permeability is relatively low in the volcanic rocks (<1 mD), and this fact is associated with pore infilling during burial diagenesis/hydrothermal alteration. Sedimentary interbeds preserve relatively high porosity (>15%) and permeability (avg. 450 mD) and represent the best reservoir rocks within the Paraná-Etendeka Province. Nevertheless, where diagenesis is intense porosity and permeability are significantly diminished. The petrophysical properties of volcanic rocks are controlled primarily by lava emplacement mechanisms (e.g. inflation, degassing and flow fragmentation), and secondarily by bulk mineral composition. Petrophysical properties can be further modified by diagenetic and hydrothermal alteration processes. Understanding the interplay between primary and secondary processes on the final petrophysical characteristics of the rocks is key for defining reservoir properties in offshore areas, such as the North and South Atlantic margins, where volcanic rocks are intrinsically associated with prolific hydrocarbon-bearing sedimentary basins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-656
Number of pages19
JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
Volume102
Early online date24 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

large igneous province
lava
sedimentary sequence
volcanoes
pahoehoe
volcano
volcanology
rocks
volcanic rock
porosity
permeability
crusts
upper crust
piles
acoustic velocity
pile
acoustics
margins
hydrocarbon
hydrocarbons

Keywords

  • Acoustic velocity
  • Basalt porosity
  • Lava flow reservoir
  • Rock physics
  • Volcanic reservoirs
  • FACIES ARCHITECTURE
  • GRANDE-DO-SUL
  • FORMATION MECHANISM
  • LAVA FLOWS
  • ETJO SANDSTONE FORMATION
  • TORRES SYNCLINE
  • MAGMATIC PROVINCE
  • CONTINENTAL-MARGIN
  • SOUTHERN BRAZIL
  • FLOOD-BASALT VOLCANISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economic Geology
  • Geology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Stratigraphy

Cite this

Evaluating petrophysical properties of volcano-sedimentary sequences : A case study in the Paraná-Etendeka Large Igneous Province. / Rossetti, Lucas M. (Corresponding Author); Healy, David; Hole, Malcolm J.; Millett, John M.; de Lima, Evandro F.; Jerram, Dougal A.; Rossetti, Marcos M.M.

In: Marine and Petroleum Geology, Vol. 102, 30.04.2019, p. 638-656.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Evaluating petrophysical properties of volcano-sedimentary sequences: A case study in the Paran{\'a}-Etendeka Large Igneous Province",
abstract = "The Paran{\'a}-Etendeka represents a major magmatic province associated with the rifting of West Gondwana and the formation of the South Atlantic Ocean. The area represents a direct analogue for similar aged volcanic rocks buried within hydrocarbon-rich basins offshore the South Atlantic margin. We present here a detailed integration of outcrop data with laboratory measurements of porosity, permeability, and ultrasonic acoustic velocities (P– and S-waves) for volcanic and interbedded sedimentary rocks of the Paran{\'a}-Etendeka Province in southern Brazil. The lava pile is formed of compound pahoehoe basaltic lavas at the base (Torres Formation) followed by thick tabular rubbly pahoehoe basaltic andesites (Vale do Sol Formation) and the upper stratigraphy is characterized by locally fed domes and extensive tabular acidic units. Sedimentary interbeds occur throughout the entire lava pile. For the volcanic rocks petrophysical properties have a cyclic variation controlled by the lava internal structure. Lava upper and lower crusts have relatively high porosity (>10{\%}) and low acoustic velocities, whilst lava flow cores are characterized by porosities of less than 5{\%} and velocities typically 0.5–1.0 kms−1 higher than lava crust facies. The highest porosities are found in the upper crust of both rubbly pahoehoe (c. 28.3{\%}) and pahoehoe lavas (c. 26.6{\%}) where vesicles account for most of the pore space. Permeability is relatively low in the volcanic rocks (<1 mD), and this fact is associated with pore infilling during burial diagenesis/hydrothermal alteration. Sedimentary interbeds preserve relatively high porosity (>15{\%}) and permeability (avg. 450 mD) and represent the best reservoir rocks within the Paran{\'a}-Etendeka Province. Nevertheless, where diagenesis is intense porosity and permeability are significantly diminished. The petrophysical properties of volcanic rocks are controlled primarily by lava emplacement mechanisms (e.g. inflation, degassing and flow fragmentation), and secondarily by bulk mineral composition. Petrophysical properties can be further modified by diagenetic and hydrothermal alteration processes. Understanding the interplay between primary and secondary processes on the final petrophysical characteristics of the rocks is key for defining reservoir properties in offshore areas, such as the North and South Atlantic margins, where volcanic rocks are intrinsically associated with prolific hydrocarbon-bearing sedimentary basins.",
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author = "Rossetti, {Lucas M.} and David Healy and Hole, {Malcolm J.} and Millett, {John M.} and {de Lima}, {Evandro F.} and Jerram, {Dougal A.} and Rossetti, {Marcos M.M.}",
note = "The authors gratefully acknowledge support from Shell Brasil and CNPq through the Sedimentary Systems project hosted at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and the strategic importance and support given by ANP through the R&D levy regulation. Evandro Lima is thankful for CNPq research grants (402400/20 and 442812/2015-9). Dougal Jerram is partly funded through a Norwegian Research Council Centers of Excellence project (project number 223272, CEED). Collin Taylor is thanked for helpful assistance during sample preparation and analysis. F. Luz and M. Sim{\~o}es are thanked for valuable assistance during fieldwork and sample collection. The original version of the manuscript was significantly improved by thorough and constructive reviews from Mike Heap, Jamie Farquharson and an anonymous reviewer, and editorial handling of Dave Dewhurst.",
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T1 - Evaluating petrophysical properties of volcano-sedimentary sequences

T2 - A case study in the Paraná-Etendeka Large Igneous Province

AU - Rossetti, Lucas M.

AU - Healy, David

AU - Hole, Malcolm J.

AU - Millett, John M.

AU - de Lima, Evandro F.

AU - Jerram, Dougal A.

AU - Rossetti, Marcos M.M.

N1 - The authors gratefully acknowledge support from Shell Brasil and CNPq through the Sedimentary Systems project hosted at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul and the strategic importance and support given by ANP through the R&D levy regulation. Evandro Lima is thankful for CNPq research grants (402400/20 and 442812/2015-9). Dougal Jerram is partly funded through a Norwegian Research Council Centers of Excellence project (project number 223272, CEED). Collin Taylor is thanked for helpful assistance during sample preparation and analysis. F. Luz and M. Simões are thanked for valuable assistance during fieldwork and sample collection. The original version of the manuscript was significantly improved by thorough and constructive reviews from Mike Heap, Jamie Farquharson and an anonymous reviewer, and editorial handling of Dave Dewhurst.

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N2 - The Paraná-Etendeka represents a major magmatic province associated with the rifting of West Gondwana and the formation of the South Atlantic Ocean. The area represents a direct analogue for similar aged volcanic rocks buried within hydrocarbon-rich basins offshore the South Atlantic margin. We present here a detailed integration of outcrop data with laboratory measurements of porosity, permeability, and ultrasonic acoustic velocities (P– and S-waves) for volcanic and interbedded sedimentary rocks of the Paraná-Etendeka Province in southern Brazil. The lava pile is formed of compound pahoehoe basaltic lavas at the base (Torres Formation) followed by thick tabular rubbly pahoehoe basaltic andesites (Vale do Sol Formation) and the upper stratigraphy is characterized by locally fed domes and extensive tabular acidic units. Sedimentary interbeds occur throughout the entire lava pile. For the volcanic rocks petrophysical properties have a cyclic variation controlled by the lava internal structure. Lava upper and lower crusts have relatively high porosity (>10%) and low acoustic velocities, whilst lava flow cores are characterized by porosities of less than 5% and velocities typically 0.5–1.0 kms−1 higher than lava crust facies. The highest porosities are found in the upper crust of both rubbly pahoehoe (c. 28.3%) and pahoehoe lavas (c. 26.6%) where vesicles account for most of the pore space. Permeability is relatively low in the volcanic rocks (<1 mD), and this fact is associated with pore infilling during burial diagenesis/hydrothermal alteration. Sedimentary interbeds preserve relatively high porosity (>15%) and permeability (avg. 450 mD) and represent the best reservoir rocks within the Paraná-Etendeka Province. Nevertheless, where diagenesis is intense porosity and permeability are significantly diminished. The petrophysical properties of volcanic rocks are controlled primarily by lava emplacement mechanisms (e.g. inflation, degassing and flow fragmentation), and secondarily by bulk mineral composition. Petrophysical properties can be further modified by diagenetic and hydrothermal alteration processes. Understanding the interplay between primary and secondary processes on the final petrophysical characteristics of the rocks is key for defining reservoir properties in offshore areas, such as the North and South Atlantic margins, where volcanic rocks are intrinsically associated with prolific hydrocarbon-bearing sedimentary basins.

AB - The Paraná-Etendeka represents a major magmatic province associated with the rifting of West Gondwana and the formation of the South Atlantic Ocean. The area represents a direct analogue for similar aged volcanic rocks buried within hydrocarbon-rich basins offshore the South Atlantic margin. We present here a detailed integration of outcrop data with laboratory measurements of porosity, permeability, and ultrasonic acoustic velocities (P– and S-waves) for volcanic and interbedded sedimentary rocks of the Paraná-Etendeka Province in southern Brazil. The lava pile is formed of compound pahoehoe basaltic lavas at the base (Torres Formation) followed by thick tabular rubbly pahoehoe basaltic andesites (Vale do Sol Formation) and the upper stratigraphy is characterized by locally fed domes and extensive tabular acidic units. Sedimentary interbeds occur throughout the entire lava pile. For the volcanic rocks petrophysical properties have a cyclic variation controlled by the lava internal structure. Lava upper and lower crusts have relatively high porosity (>10%) and low acoustic velocities, whilst lava flow cores are characterized by porosities of less than 5% and velocities typically 0.5–1.0 kms−1 higher than lava crust facies. The highest porosities are found in the upper crust of both rubbly pahoehoe (c. 28.3%) and pahoehoe lavas (c. 26.6%) where vesicles account for most of the pore space. Permeability is relatively low in the volcanic rocks (<1 mD), and this fact is associated with pore infilling during burial diagenesis/hydrothermal alteration. Sedimentary interbeds preserve relatively high porosity (>15%) and permeability (avg. 450 mD) and represent the best reservoir rocks within the Paraná-Etendeka Province. Nevertheless, where diagenesis is intense porosity and permeability are significantly diminished. The petrophysical properties of volcanic rocks are controlled primarily by lava emplacement mechanisms (e.g. inflation, degassing and flow fragmentation), and secondarily by bulk mineral composition. Petrophysical properties can be further modified by diagenetic and hydrothermal alteration processes. Understanding the interplay between primary and secondary processes on the final petrophysical characteristics of the rocks is key for defining reservoir properties in offshore areas, such as the North and South Atlantic margins, where volcanic rocks are intrinsically associated with prolific hydrocarbon-bearing sedimentary basins.

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KW - Basalt porosity

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KW - Rock physics

KW - Volcanic reservoirs

KW - FACIES ARCHITECTURE

KW - GRANDE-DO-SUL

KW - FORMATION MECHANISM

KW - LAVA FLOWS

KW - ETJO SANDSTONE FORMATION

KW - TORRES SYNCLINE

KW - MAGMATIC PROVINCE

KW - CONTINENTAL-MARGIN

KW - SOUTHERN BRAZIL

KW - FLOOD-BASALT VOLCANISM

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U2 - 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.01.028

DO - 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.01.028

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VL - 102

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EP - 656

JO - Marine and Petroleum Geology

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