Evaluation of perifacet injections and paraspinal muscle rehabilitation in treatment of low back pain: A randomised controlled trial

D. Kader, S. Radha, F. Smith, D. Wardlaw, A. Rege, N. Scott, M.H. Pope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Lumbar paraspinal muscle dysfunction and Low Back Pain are strongly correlated. The best treatment for non-specific Low Back Pain is still controversial. To evaluate the efficacy of lumbar multifidus muscle retraining exercises and perifacet multifidus injections in the treatment of Low Back Pain. Material and methods. 63 patients with non-specific LBP, with or without leg pain, and magnetic resonance images of paraspinal muscle degeneration only, were randomised to one of three treatment groups: A - Back education and standard physiotherapy for 10 weeks, B - Back education and gym ball exercise for 10 weeks or C - Perifacet injection into the lumbar multifidus muscle with methylprednisolone. The Oswestry Disability Index was used as the primary outcome measure and the SF-36, modified Zung depression index, modified somatic perception and McGill pain questionnaires were used as secondary outcome measures. Results. 56 patients completed the trial. The Oswestry Disability Index improved in general from a mean of 29.9 to 25.9, but there were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Low back pain improved most in group C (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-259
Number of pages9
JournalOrtopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • low back pain
  • multifidus
  • perifacet injection
  • rehabilitation

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