Two oestrogen receptors, ERα and ERβ, exist. While much is known about ERα, the role of ERβ is still undefined, especially at the protein level. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of seven ERβ antibodies (14C8, 8D5, PAI313, PPG5/10, N19, 9.88, and D7N) raised against different domains of ERβ in three commonly used laboratory applications, namely immunohistochemistry, western blot, and flow cytometry, using human breast material. For immunohistochemical analysis of frozen material, PAI313 and D7N gave stronger and more specific signals than 14C8, 8D5, and PPG5/10. In paraffin sections, 14C8, closely followed by PPG5/10, gave by far the most superior nuclear immunoreactivity, compared with the other antibodies tested. In general, flow cytometry results mirrored the immunohistochemistry data for paraffin sections, with antibodies ranked 14C8>8D5 ≥ PAI-313 > PPG5/10>D7N. For western blotting, 8D5 and D7N yielded the strongest and most consistent bands, with weaker bands seen with the others. It is concluded that ERβ protein can be detected using specific antibodies. However, there is considerable variation between the specificity and application of these antibodies, highlighting the fact that careful optimization is required when selecting an antibody for use in a particular laboratory technique.
- Flow cytometry
- Mammary gland