Evaluation of Tree Species for Biomass Energy Production in Northwest Spain

Pedro Álvarez-Álvarez, Consuelo Pizarro, Marcos Barrio-Anta, Asunción Cámara-Obregón, Julio Luis María Bueno, Ana Álvarez, Inés Gutiérrez, David F. R. P. Burslem

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Abstract

Three types of forest stands (chestnut coppice, maritime pine stands, and poplar and willow short-rotation woody crops (SRWC)) were evaluated to determine their potential for energy production. The properties of the main aboveground biomass fractions (wood, bark and crown) and also the whole tree were analysed, thus providing data that could be used for management purposes and for evaluating potential forest, biomass energy yields and atmospheric emissions. Proximate, elemental and energetic analyses of the biomass provided important information for evaluating the fuel potential. The energetic value of the biomass derived from the maritime pine stands was higher than that of the poplar and willow clonal stands and chestnut coppice stands. The high ash content of the chestnut bark, relative to that of the wood and crown material, is also an important consideration in relation to energy production. The proportion of carbon concentration accumulated per tree was very similar in all types of material studied, although the N and S contents were higher in the maritime pine stands than in the other stands. For this reason, selection of species and fractions can help to improve fuel quality and the efficiency of the combustion processes, and to minimize atmospheric emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
Journalforests
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • woody biomass
  • biomass fractions
  • high heating value
  • ultimate analysis
  • Proximate Analysis

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    Álvarez-Álvarez, P., Pizarro, C., Barrio-Anta, M., Cámara-Obregón, A., Bueno, J. L. M., Álvarez, A., Gutiérrez, I., & Burslem, D. F. R. P. (2018). Evaluation of Tree Species for Biomass Energy Production in Northwest Spain. forests, 9(4), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/f9040160