Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions

using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour

Jillian Francis, Charlotte Stockton, Martin P. Eccles, Marie Johnston, Brian Cuthbertson, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Chris Hyde, Alan Tinmouth, Simon J. Stanworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background. Many theories of behaviour are potentially relevant to predictive and intervention studies but most studies investigate a narrow range of theories. Michie et al. (2005) agreed 12 'theoretical domains' from 33 theories that explain behaviour change. They developed a 'Theoretical Domains Interview' (TDI) for identifying relevant domains for specific clinical behaviours, but the framework has not been used for selecting theories for predictive studies. It was used here to investigate clinicians' transfusion behaviour in intensive care units (ICU). Evidence suggests that red blood cells transfusion could be reduced for some patients without reducing quality of care.

Objectives. (1) To identify the domains relevant to transfusion practice in ICUs and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), using the TDI. (2) To use the identified domains to select appropriate theories for a study predicting transfusion behaviour.

Methods. An adapted TDI about managing a patient with borderline haemoglobin by watching and waiting instead of transfusing red blood cells was used to conduct semi-structured, one-to-one interviews with 18 intensive care consultants and neonatologists across the UK.

Results. Relevant theoretical domains were: knowledge, beliefs about capabilities, beliefs about consequences, social influences, behavioural regulation. Further analysis at the construct level resulted in selection of seven theoretical approaches relevant to this context: Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour Model, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory, Operant Learning Theory, Control Theory, Normative Model of Work Team Effectiveness and Action Planning Approaches.

Conclusions. This study illustrated, the use of the TDI to identify relevant domains in a complex area of inpatient care. This approach is potentially valuable for selecting theories relevant to predictive studies and resulted in greater breadth of potential explanations than would be achieved if a single theoretical model had been adopted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-646
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • intensive-care units
  • psychological theory
  • cell transfusion
  • controlled-trial
  • antibiotics
  • intentions
  • guideline
  • strategies
  • management
  • infants

Cite this

Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions : using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour. / Francis, Jillian; Stockton, Charlotte; Eccles, Martin P.; Johnston, Marie; Cuthbertson, Brian; Grimshaw, Jeremy M.; Hyde, Chris; Tinmouth, Alan; Stanworth, Simon J.

In: British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 4, 11.2009, p. 625-646.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Francis, Jillian ; Stockton, Charlotte ; Eccles, Martin P. ; Johnston, Marie ; Cuthbertson, Brian ; Grimshaw, Jeremy M. ; Hyde, Chris ; Tinmouth, Alan ; Stanworth, Simon J. / Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions : using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour. In: British Journal of Health Psychology. 2009 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 625-646.
@article{d8c2699b27104e1e94691e428fadd5b7,
title = "Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions: using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour",
abstract = "Background. Many theories of behaviour are potentially relevant to predictive and intervention studies but most studies investigate a narrow range of theories. Michie et al. (2005) agreed 12 'theoretical domains' from 33 theories that explain behaviour change. They developed a 'Theoretical Domains Interview' (TDI) for identifying relevant domains for specific clinical behaviours, but the framework has not been used for selecting theories for predictive studies. It was used here to investigate clinicians' transfusion behaviour in intensive care units (ICU). Evidence suggests that red blood cells transfusion could be reduced for some patients without reducing quality of care.Objectives. (1) To identify the domains relevant to transfusion practice in ICUs and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), using the TDI. (2) To use the identified domains to select appropriate theories for a study predicting transfusion behaviour.Methods. An adapted TDI about managing a patient with borderline haemoglobin by watching and waiting instead of transfusing red blood cells was used to conduct semi-structured, one-to-one interviews with 18 intensive care consultants and neonatologists across the UK.Results. Relevant theoretical domains were: knowledge, beliefs about capabilities, beliefs about consequences, social influences, behavioural regulation. Further analysis at the construct level resulted in selection of seven theoretical approaches relevant to this context: Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour Model, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory, Operant Learning Theory, Control Theory, Normative Model of Work Team Effectiveness and Action Planning Approaches.Conclusions. This study illustrated, the use of the TDI to identify relevant domains in a complex area of inpatient care. This approach is potentially valuable for selecting theories relevant to predictive studies and resulted in greater breadth of potential explanations than would be achieved if a single theoretical model had been adopted.",
keywords = "intensive-care units, psychological theory, cell transfusion, controlled-trial, antibiotics, intentions, guideline, strategies, management, infants",
author = "Jillian Francis and Charlotte Stockton and Eccles, {Martin P.} and Marie Johnston and Brian Cuthbertson and Grimshaw, {Jeremy M.} and Chris Hyde and Alan Tinmouth and Stanworth, {Simon J.}",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1348/135910708X397025",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "625--646",
journal = "British Journal of Health Psychology",
issn = "1359-107X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence-based selection of theories for designing behaviour change interventions

T2 - using methods based on theoretical construct domains to understand clinicians' blood transfusion behaviour

AU - Francis, Jillian

AU - Stockton, Charlotte

AU - Eccles, Martin P.

AU - Johnston, Marie

AU - Cuthbertson, Brian

AU - Grimshaw, Jeremy M.

AU - Hyde, Chris

AU - Tinmouth, Alan

AU - Stanworth, Simon J.

PY - 2009/11

Y1 - 2009/11

N2 - Background. Many theories of behaviour are potentially relevant to predictive and intervention studies but most studies investigate a narrow range of theories. Michie et al. (2005) agreed 12 'theoretical domains' from 33 theories that explain behaviour change. They developed a 'Theoretical Domains Interview' (TDI) for identifying relevant domains for specific clinical behaviours, but the framework has not been used for selecting theories for predictive studies. It was used here to investigate clinicians' transfusion behaviour in intensive care units (ICU). Evidence suggests that red blood cells transfusion could be reduced for some patients without reducing quality of care.Objectives. (1) To identify the domains relevant to transfusion practice in ICUs and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), using the TDI. (2) To use the identified domains to select appropriate theories for a study predicting transfusion behaviour.Methods. An adapted TDI about managing a patient with borderline haemoglobin by watching and waiting instead of transfusing red blood cells was used to conduct semi-structured, one-to-one interviews with 18 intensive care consultants and neonatologists across the UK.Results. Relevant theoretical domains were: knowledge, beliefs about capabilities, beliefs about consequences, social influences, behavioural regulation. Further analysis at the construct level resulted in selection of seven theoretical approaches relevant to this context: Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour Model, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory, Operant Learning Theory, Control Theory, Normative Model of Work Team Effectiveness and Action Planning Approaches.Conclusions. This study illustrated, the use of the TDI to identify relevant domains in a complex area of inpatient care. This approach is potentially valuable for selecting theories relevant to predictive studies and resulted in greater breadth of potential explanations than would be achieved if a single theoretical model had been adopted.

AB - Background. Many theories of behaviour are potentially relevant to predictive and intervention studies but most studies investigate a narrow range of theories. Michie et al. (2005) agreed 12 'theoretical domains' from 33 theories that explain behaviour change. They developed a 'Theoretical Domains Interview' (TDI) for identifying relevant domains for specific clinical behaviours, but the framework has not been used for selecting theories for predictive studies. It was used here to investigate clinicians' transfusion behaviour in intensive care units (ICU). Evidence suggests that red blood cells transfusion could be reduced for some patients without reducing quality of care.Objectives. (1) To identify the domains relevant to transfusion practice in ICUs and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), using the TDI. (2) To use the identified domains to select appropriate theories for a study predicting transfusion behaviour.Methods. An adapted TDI about managing a patient with borderline haemoglobin by watching and waiting instead of transfusing red blood cells was used to conduct semi-structured, one-to-one interviews with 18 intensive care consultants and neonatologists across the UK.Results. Relevant theoretical domains were: knowledge, beliefs about capabilities, beliefs about consequences, social influences, behavioural regulation. Further analysis at the construct level resulted in selection of seven theoretical approaches relevant to this context: Knowledge-Attitude-Behaviour Model, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory, Operant Learning Theory, Control Theory, Normative Model of Work Team Effectiveness and Action Planning Approaches.Conclusions. This study illustrated, the use of the TDI to identify relevant domains in a complex area of inpatient care. This approach is potentially valuable for selecting theories relevant to predictive studies and resulted in greater breadth of potential explanations than would be achieved if a single theoretical model had been adopted.

KW - intensive-care units

KW - psychological theory

KW - cell transfusion

KW - controlled-trial

KW - antibiotics

KW - intentions

KW - guideline

KW - strategies

KW - management

KW - infants

U2 - 10.1348/135910708X397025

DO - 10.1348/135910708X397025

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 625

EP - 646

JO - British Journal of Health Psychology

JF - British Journal of Health Psychology

SN - 1359-107X

IS - 4

ER -