Exclusion of root competition increases competitive abilities of subordinate plant species through root–shoot interactions

P. Mariotte, Alexandre Buttler, David Johnson, A. Thebault, Charlotte Vendenberghe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Questions
What is the importance of root competition in the competitive abilities of dominant and subordinate species?

Location
Pair-wise greenhouse experiment based on field data from a semi-natural grassland community in the Swiss Jura Mountains (Col du Marchairuz, Switzerland).

Methods
The dominance hierarchy from a mountain wood-pasture ecosystem was used to identify five dominant and three subordinate species. These species were grown in pair-wise combinations under full competition and in the absence of root competition, enabling us to calculate indices of competitive effect and response and overall asymmetry.

Results
Root competition exclusion led to a decrease in the competitive abilities of dominants, whereas subordinates became overall more competitive. Total asymmetry also decreased, indicating reduced competition between the two species groups. The exclusion of root competition increased both below-ground and above-ground growth of subordinates, whereas for dominants below-ground growth was unaffected and above-ground growth decreased.

Conclusions
We demonstrate that root competition through root–shoot competition interactions is an important factor driving the competitive dominance of species and the structure of grazed grassland communities. Locally, reduction of root competition involved in gap creation might explain persistence of subordinate species within the vegetation community and lead to an aggregated spatial pattern of subordinates involved in species co-existence in grasslands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1158
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Vegetation Science
Volume23
Issue number6
Early online date30 May 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

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root competition
competitive ability
grasslands
mountains
greenhouse experimentation
grassland
Switzerland
pastures
asymmetry
vegetation
ecosystems
mountain
plant species
coexistence
pasture
persistence
ecosystem

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Exclusion of root competition increases competitive abilities of subordinate plant species through root–shoot interactions. / Mariotte, P.; Buttler, Alexandre; Johnson, David; Thebault, A. ; Vendenberghe, Charlotte.

In: Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 23, No. 6, 12.2012, p. 1148-1158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mariotte, P. ; Buttler, Alexandre ; Johnson, David ; Thebault, A. ; Vendenberghe, Charlotte. / Exclusion of root competition increases competitive abilities of subordinate plant species through root–shoot interactions. In: Journal of Vegetation Science. 2012 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 1148-1158.
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AU - Vendenberghe, Charlotte

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AB - QuestionsWhat is the importance of root competition in the competitive abilities of dominant and subordinate species?LocationPair-wise greenhouse experiment based on field data from a semi-natural grassland community in the Swiss Jura Mountains (Col du Marchairuz, Switzerland).MethodsThe dominance hierarchy from a mountain wood-pasture ecosystem was used to identify five dominant and three subordinate species. These species were grown in pair-wise combinations under full competition and in the absence of root competition, enabling us to calculate indices of competitive effect and response and overall asymmetry.ResultsRoot competition exclusion led to a decrease in the competitive abilities of dominants, whereas subordinates became overall more competitive. Total asymmetry also decreased, indicating reduced competition between the two species groups. The exclusion of root competition increased both below-ground and above-ground growth of subordinates, whereas for dominants below-ground growth was unaffected and above-ground growth decreased.ConclusionsWe demonstrate that root competition through root–shoot competition interactions is an important factor driving the competitive dominance of species and the structure of grazed grassland communities. Locally, reduction of root competition involved in gap creation might explain persistence of subordinate species within the vegetation community and lead to an aggregated spatial pattern of subordinates involved in species co-existence in grasslands.

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